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Flashcards in Bones Test Deck (39):
0

HOW MANY BONES COMPOSE THE HUMAN BODY?

206

1

WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF SKELETONS?

Endoskeleton and exoskeleton

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3. WHICH TYPE OF SKELETON DO HUMANS HAVE?

Endoskeleton

3

4. WHAT ARE THE FIVE FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETON?

Movement, supports, protects, blood cell production, mineral storage

4

5. THE SKELETAL SYSTEM INTERACTS WITH WHAT SYSTEM TO PROVIDE MOVEMENT?

Muscular

5

6. WHAT CONNECTS MUSCLES TO BONES?

Tendon

6

8. WHAT SOFT TISSUE IS FOUND IN SOME BONES THAT PRODUCE BLOOD CELLS?

Red Bone marrow

7

7. WHAT CONNECTS BONES TO BONES?

Ligaments

8

MATERIALS NEEDED FOR WHAT THREE ACTIVITIES ARE STORED IN THE SKELETAL SYSTEM?

Muscle function, blood clotting, nervous function

9

WHAT IS THE THIN MEMBRANE LINING THE INSIDE OF THE MEDULLARY CAVITY?

Endosteum

10

11. WHAT IS BLOOD CELL FORMATION CALLED, WHERE DOES IT TAKE PLACE, AND WHAT TISSUE IN THE BONE PRODUCES BLOOD CELLS?

Hematopoiesis or hemopoiesis; ends of the long bones; bone marrow

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12. WHAT ARE THE MEMBRANE COVERED AREAS IN THE BONES CALLED?

Fontanels

12

WHAT IS THE NAME OF 1ST VERTEBRAE? WHAT IS THE NAME FOR THE 2ND VERTEBRAE?

Atlas; axis

13

WHICH HAS MORE BONES? ADULT OR BABY

Babies

14

WHAT BONE IS NOT CONNECTED TO ANY OTHER BONES?

Hyoid

15

16. WHAT PROVIDES THE CUSHION BETWEEN THE VERTEBRAE?

Cartilaginous Disc

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17. WHAT PROVIDES THE FORCE FOR MOVING THE BONES?

Muscles

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18. WHEN BONE DEVELOPS FROM CARTILAGE, THIS IS CALLED WHAT?

Endochondrial ossification

18

19. WHEN BONE DEVELOPS FROM MEMBRANES, THIS IS CALLED WHAT?

Entramembranous ossification

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20. WHEN BONES ARE USED IN MOVEMENT, THEY ACT AS WHAT?

Levers

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22. HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON? HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE AXIAL SKELETON?

126; 80

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23. WHAT ARE BONE CELLS? WHAT ARE BONE DESTROYING CELLS? WHAT ARE BONE FORMING CELLS?

Osteocytes; osteocytes ; Osteoblasts

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HOW MANY BONES IN EACH EAR?

3

23

HOW MANY BONES MAKE UP THE PHALANGES OF A HAND OR FOOT?

14

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26. HOW MANY PAIRS OF RIBS DO ALL HUMANS HAVE? WHAT ARE THE THREE TYPES OF RIBS AND HOW MANY OF EACH TYPE?

12; true false and floating; 7, 3, 2

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27. HOW MANY BONES IN EACH LEG? HOW MANY BONES IN EACH ARM?

4; 3

26

WHAT ARE THE FIVE GROUPS OF VERTEBRAE? HOW MANY OF EACH Group?

Cervical-7; thorastic-12; lumbar-5 sacral- 5 coccygeal-4

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29. WHAT ARE THE FOUR MAIN SHAPES OF BONES?

Long bones, short bones, irregular bones, flat bones

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30. WHAT ATTACHES THE ARMS AND LEGS TO THE BODY?

Pectoral and pelvis girdles

29

Type of synovial joint:

(Hip and shoulder) allows 360 movement

Ball and socket

30

Type of synovial joint:

(Between metacarpals and their phalanges) allows angular motions

Condyloid

31

Type of synovial joint:

(Wrist and ankles)

Gliding

32

Type of synovial joint:

(Knee, elbow, and fingers) allows open and close

Hinge

33

Type of synovial joint:

(Atlas and axis) rotation around central axis

Pivot

34

Type of synovial joint:

(Thumb) variety of movement

Saddle

35

What does the cranium protect?

Brain

36

What do the ribs and sternum protect?

Heart and lungs

37

What does the Vertebrae protect?

Spinal chord

38

What does the pelvis protect?

Bladder and female reproductive organ