Chapter 1 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Test Deck (47):
0

Protection, temperature regulation, and sensation

Integumentary

1

Responsible for voluntary and involuntary movements

Muscular

2

Supports soft tissues, protects organs, and stores minerals

Skeletal

3

Carries oxygen-rich blood to cells

Circulatory

4

Produces antibodies and filters blood

Circulatory

5

Removes liquid wastes from the blood

Urinary

6

Controls/regulation/coordination of other systems, memory, and sensation

Nervous

7

Controls chemical reactions in the body

endocrine

8

Absorbs and breaks down nutrients

Digestive

9

Gas exchange to provide oxygen for the body

Respiratory

10

Heredity, produces offspring and nurture offspring

Reproductive

11

Skeletal muscles, tendons, smooth muscles, and cardiac muscles

Muscular

12

Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory organs

Nervous

13

Pituitary gland, adrenals, pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid so and other glands

Endocrine

14

Heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries

Circulatory

15

Lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, and tonsils

Lymphatic

16

Stomach intestines, esophagus, liver, mouth, and pancreas

Digestive

17

Lungs, bronchial tree, trachea, larynx, and nasal cavity

Respiratory

18

Kidneys, uterers, bladder, and uretha

Urinary

19

Testes, vasdeferens, prostate, ovaries, uterus

Reproductive

20

Skin

Integumentary

21

Bones and ligaments

Skeletal

22

Integrated collection of two or more kinds

Organ

23

Element is composed of only one kind

Atom

24

An assemblage of all other groups of matter

Organism

25

Compound is composed of one of these

Molecule

26

The smallest self contained unit of living substance

Cell

27

Basic unit of all matter

Atom

28

Group of organs that work together

System

29

A collection of similar cells

Tissue

30

The leg is ________ to the head


(Superior, inferior)

Inferior

31

The chest is ______ to the back


(Anterior, posterior)

Anterior

32

A cut of the surface of the arm is _________.


(Superficial, deep)

Superficial

33

The arms are ______ to the vertebrae.


(Medial, lateral)

Lateral

34

The fingernail is on the ________ end of the finger.


(Proximal, distal)

Distal

35

The heart is ________ to the lungs.


(Medial, lateral)

Medial

36

The shoulder is the _________ end of the arm


(Proximal, distal)

Proximal

37

The heel is the _______ part of the foot.



(Anterior, posterior)

Posterior

38

Describe Anatomical position

Standing erect w palms facing forward

39

Characteristics of life-

-has metabolism
-has movement
-is able to respond
-most are able to reproduce
-have growth
-ect

40

Environmental needs

-water
-food
-oxygen
-temperature
-pressure

41

To provide info abt specific conditions in the internal environment

Receptors

42

Is the particular value of the different internal conditions

Set point

43

To provide responses that change conditions of the internal environment

Effectors

44

Levels of organization

-atoms
-molecule
-cells
-tissues
-organs
-organ systems
-organism

45

Membrane attached to the cavity wall (other)

Parietal

46

Membrane attached to the organ (deeper)

Visceral