Chapter 2 Part 2 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Part 2 Test Deck (50):
0

Diatomic molecule

Oxygen

1

Exists in three physical states

Water

2

Feel slimy

Base

3

Formula H2O

Water

4

It changes temperature slowly, absorbing and transporting heat

Water

5

Known as the universal solvent

Water

6

Liquid physical state is more dense than solid

Water

7

Major component of blood and other body fluids

Water

8

Makes about 2/3 of the body's weight

Water

9

Most abundant compound in living things

Water

10

Needed for respiration- which is the release of of energy from glucose

Oxygen

11

Release hydrogen ions

Acids

12

Release hydroxide ions

Bases

13

Tastes bitter

Bases

14

Tastes sour

Acids

15

Transported by the circulatory system

Oxygen

16

Released from the lungs as a waste product

Carbon dioxide

17

Inorganic compound that contains carbon

Carbon dioxide

18

They provide the body w many of the ions needed for normal functioning

Salts

19

Compounds are those that contain carbon and hydrogen

Organic

20

Are all other compounds that do not contain carbon and a few that contain carbon

Inorganic

21

Double helix (spiral ladder) -forms genes and transfers genetic information

DNA

22

Single strand - functions in protein synthesis

RNA

23

Lemon juice, gastric juice

Ex.

Acids

24

Milk of magnesium, household ammonia

Ex.

Base

25

Breads, pastas

Ex.

Carbs

26

Carbon dioxide, water

Ex.

Inorganic

27

Butter, lard

Ex.

Lipid

28

DNA, RNA

Ex.

Nucleic acids

29

Carbohydrates, fats, proteins

Ex.

Organic compounds

30

Beef, chicken

Ex.

Proteins

31

How many calories are in a gram of fat?

9

32

Proteins that are specialized to bond with particular molecules are called what?

Receptors

33

Compounds are those that contain carbon and hydrogen

Organic

34

Are all other compounds that do not contain carbon and a few that contain carbon

Inorganic

35

Double helix (spiral ladder) -forms genes and transfers genetic information

DNA

36

Single strand - functions in protein synthesis

RNA

37

Lemon juice, gastric juice

Ex.

Acids

38

Milk of magnesium, household ammonia

Ex.

Base

39

Breads, pastas

Ex.

Carbs

40

DNA, RNA

Ex.

Nucleic acids

41

Carbohydrates, fats, proteins

Ex.

Organic compounds

42

Beef, chicken

Ex.

Proteins

43

Fructose, glucose

Type of carb

Monosaccharide

44

Lactose, sucrose

Type of carb

Disaccharide

45

More complex sugars

Type of carb

Disaccharides

46

Simple sugar

Type of carb

Monosaccharides

47

Starches

Type of carb

Polysaccharides

48

How many calories are in a gram of fat?

9

49

Proteins that are specialized to bond with particular molecules are called what?

Receptors