Book 4, 687-705 Flashcards Preview

The Aeneid > Book 4, 687-705 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Book 4, 687-705 Deck (70):
1

atros

ater, atra, atrum: dull black, gloomy, dark

accusative masculine plural

2

siccabat

sicco, siccare, siccavi, siccatum: to dry, drain, exhaust

third-person singular imperfect active indicative

3

cruores

cruor, cruoris: blood, gore, murder, bloodshed

4

veste

vestis, vestis: garment, gown, robe

5

graves

gravis, grave: heavy, troublesome, hard

6

conata

conor, conari, conatus sum: to try, attempt

perfect passive participle: tried, attempted, having been tried

7

attollere

attollo (defective): to lift, raise, or elevate

present active infinitive
second-person singular present passive imperative

8

rursus

adverb meaning "backward, turned back"

9

deficit

deficio, deficere, defeci, defectum: to fail, disappoint, or let down, to have shortcomings

third-person singular present active indicative

10

infixum

infigo, infigere, infixi, infixum: to fasten, fix, implant

perfect passive participle: fastened, fixed, implanted

11

stridit

strido, stridere, stridi: to utter or make shrill or harsh sound; creak, shriek, screech

third-person singular present active indicative

12

vulnus

vulnus, vulneris: wound, injury

13

ter

thrice

14

sese

the accusative of the reflexive pronoun meaning himself, herself, itself, themselves

15

attollens

attollo (defective): to lift, raise, or elevate
present participle: lifting, elevating, raising

16

cubito

cubitum, i: elbow, arm

ablative/dative singular

17

adnixa

adnitor, adniti, adnisus: to lean on, struggle

having struggled

18

levavit

levo, levare, levavi, levatum: to raise, elevate, lift up

hird-person singular perfect active indicative

19

revoluta

revolvo, revolvere, revolvi, revolutum: to roll back, unroll, unwind, revolve

perfect passive participle: revolved

20

toro

torus, tori: funeral bed, couch

21

errantibus

erro, errare, erravi, erratum: to erry, go astray, wander

present active participle: straying, wandering

22

quaesivit

quareo, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitum: to seek, look for

third-person singular perfect active indicative

23

lucem

lux, lucis: light

24

ingemuit

ingemo, ingemere, ingemui, ingemitum: to groan, moan or sigh

third-person singular perfect active indicative

25

reperta

reperio, reperire, repperi, repertum: to find out, learn, realize, discover

perfect passive participle: found out, discovered, invented

26

miserata

miseror, miserari, miseratus sum: to lament, bewail, or deplore

perfect passive participle: lamented, pitied

27

difficiles

difficilis, difficile: difficult, troublesome

28

obitus

obitus, obitus: death, downfall, ruin

29

Irim

Iris, Idis: goddess of teh rainbow, messenger of Juno

30

demisit

demitto, demittere, demisi, demissum: to send or bring down, cause to hang or fall down

third-person singular perfect active indicative

31

luctantem

luctor, luctari, luctatus sum: to struggle, wrestle, fight

present active participle: struggling, wrestling

32

nexos

necto, nectere, nexi, nexum: to bind, tie, fasten, conenct, interweave

perfect passive participle: bound, tied, fastened, connected

33

resolveret

resolvo, resolvere, resolvi, resolutum: to release, loosen, unbind

third-person singular imperfect active subjunctive

34

artus

artus, a, um: narrow, close, fitted, confined

35

quia

because, wherefore

36

merita

mereo, merere, merui, meritum: to earn, deserve, merit, obtain

perfect passive participle: earned, deserved, obtained, due, proper, right

37

peribat

pereo, perire, perii, peritum: to vanish, disappear, come to nothing

third-person singular imperfect active indicative

38

subito

subitus, a, um: sudden, unexpected

39

accensa

accendo, accendere, accendi, accensum: to kindle or light

perfect passive participle: lit, kindled, inflamed, aroused

40

furore

furor, furoris: madness, frenzy, pasison

41

nondum

not yet

42

flavum

flavus, a, um: yellow, tawny, blond

43

Prosperina

Proserpina, ae: Pluto's queen, goddess of the lower world

44

vertice

vertex, verticis: whirlpool, eddy, vortex

45

crinem

crinis, crinis: hair, locks, tresses

46

abstulerat

aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatum: to takea way, carry off, remove, withdraw, separate, sever

third-person singular pluperfect active indicative

47

damnaverat

damno, damnare, damnavi, damnatum: to discredit, find fault, disapprove, reject

third-person singular pluperfect active indicative

48

croceis

croceus, a, um: yellow, saffron, ruddy

49

roscida

roscidus, a, um: dewy

50

pennis

penna, pennae: wing, feather

51

mille

mille, mille: thousand

52

trahens

traho, trahere, traxi, tractum: to drag, to trail

present active participle: dragging, trailing, extracting, withdrawing

53

varios

varius, a, um: diverse, different, various, variengated

54

adverso

adversus, a, um: opposite, facing

55

colores

color, coloris: color, pigment, complexion

56

sole

sol, solis: sun, day

57

devolat

devolo, devolare, devolavi, devolatum: to fly down or away

third-person singular present active indicative

58

astitit

assisto, assitere, astiti (alternative form of adsisto): to place myself somehwere, stand

third-person singular perfect active indicative

59

supra

above, over

60

sacrum

sacrum, sacri: a holy or sacred object, a religious act

61

iussa

iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum: to command, order

perfect passive participle: commanded, ordered

62

fero

fero, ferre, tuli, latum: to bear, carry, suffer, endure

63

corpore

corpus, corporis: body, substance, material, flesh, corpse

64

solvo

solvo, solvere, solvi, solutum: to loosen, untie, undo, free up

65

ait

it is said that

66

crinem

crinis, crinis: hair of the head, locks

67

secat

seco, secare, secui, sectum: to cut, cut off, cleave, divide

68

dilapsus

dilabor, dilabi, dilapsus sum: to melt away, dissolve, fall part, disintegrate

perfect passive participle: dissolved

69

calor

calor, caloris: heat, warmth, glow

70

recessit

recedo, recedere, recessi, recessum: to fall back, give ground, retire

third-person singular perfect active indicative