Extra Vocabulary for Exam I Flashcards Preview

The Aeneid > Extra Vocabulary for Exam I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Extra Vocabulary for Exam I Deck (368):
1

asper, a, um

harsh, rough, fierce

2

colo

colere, colui, cultus

to cultivate, dwell, honor, cherish

3

colonus

coloni

colonist, settler

4

contra

opposite, facing

5

dives

divitis (+ genitive_

rich, wealth

6

longe

far off, at a distance

7

magis

more, rather

8

ops

opis

help, resources, power

9

ostium

ostii

mouth, entrance

10

posthabeo

posthabere, posthabui, posthabitus

place after, esteem less

11

studium

studii

zeal, desire, pursuit

12

currus

currus

chariot, car

13

enim

for, indeed, in truth

14

excidium

excidii

destruction, overthrow

15

foveo

fovere, fovi, fotus

cherish, fondle

16

late

widely, far, and wide

17

memor

memoris

remembering, mindful

18

olim

some time, once

19

populus

populi

people, nation

20

progenies

progenei

offspring, race

21

qua

in any way, where

22

sino

sinere, sivi, situs

permit, allow

23

superbus, a, um

proud, haughty

24

verto

vertere, verti, versus

overturn, change

25

vetus

veteris

old, former, ancient

26

accendo

accendere, accendi, accensus

to inflame, enrage

27

carus, a, um

dear, fond, beloved

28

causa, causae

reason, cause

29

dolor

doloris

pain, grief, anger, passion

30

etiam

besides, also, even

31

excido

excidere

to fall from, perish

32

forma

formae

beauty, shapy, form

33

gero

gerere, gessi, gestus

to carry on, to wage

34

iacto (1)

toss, buffet

35

annus, anni

year

36

arceo

arcere, arcui,

keep off, defend

37

condo

condere, condidi, conditus

to found, establish

38

immitis

immite

fierce, cruel

39

longe

far off, afar

40

moles

molis

mass, burden, difficulty

41

relinquiae

relinquiarum

rest, remnants, leavings

42

aes

aeris

bronze

43

aeternus, a, um

eternal, everlasting

44

altum

alti

the deep (sea_

45

averto

avertere, averti, aversus

to keep off, turn aside

46

conspectus

conspectus

sight, view

47

desisto

desistere, destiti, destitus

to cease, to desist

48

exuro

exere, exussi, exustus

to burn up

49

inceptum

incepti

beginning, udnertaking, purpose

50

pontus

ponti

sea

51

quippe

truly, indeed, surely

52

sal

salis

salt water, sea

53

summergo

summergere, summersi, summersus

to sink drown

54

spuma

spumae

foam, froth

55

veto

vetare, vetui, vetitus

to forbid, prevent

56

vulnus

vulneris

would, blow

57

acutus, a, um

sharp, pointed

58

annus

anni

year

59

corripeo

corripere, corripui, correptus

to snatch up

60

disicio,

disicere, disieci, disiectus

to scatter, disperse

61

everto

evertere, everti, eversus

to overturn

62

exspiro

exspirare, exspiravi, exspiratum

to breath out, exhale

63

furiae

furiarum

madness, rage

64

iaculor

iaculari, iaculatus

to hurl, throw

65

incedo

incedere, incessi, incessus

to walk, stride

66

infigo

infigere, infixi, infixum

to fasten on, impale

67

noxa

noxae

crime, fault, hurt

68

nubes

nubis

cloud, mist

69

ob

on account of (+ acc)

70

rapidus, a, um

swift, whirling

71

ratis

ratis

raft, ship

72

scopulus

scopuli

rock, cliff, crag

73

soror

sororis

sister

74

tot

so many

75

transfigo

transfigere, transfixi, transfixus

to pierce, transfix

76

turbo

turbinis

whirl(wind, pool), storm

77

adoro

adorare, adoravi, adoratum

to worship, adore

78

gero

gerrere, gessi, gestus

to carry on, wage

79

impono

imponere, imposui, impositus

to place on

80

praeterea

besides, hereafter

81

quisquam, quaequam, quicquam

anyone, anything

82

supplex

supplicis

suppliant, humble

83

antrum

antri

cave, cavern

84

carcer

carceris

prison, inclosure

85

celsus, a, um

lofty, high, towering

86

claustrum,

claustri

barrier, bolt

87

cor

cordis

heart, spirit

88

fetus, a, um

teeming, pregnant

89

flammo (1)

to inflame, kindle

90

fremo

fremere, fremui, fremitus

to murmur, roar

91

indignor

indignari, indignatus

be angry, chafe

92

luctor

luctari, luctatus

to wrestle, struggle

93

mollio,

mollire, mollivi, mollitus

to soothe, tame

94

murmur

murmuris

murmer, roar, rumble

95

nimbus

nimbi

storm, cloud

96

patria

patriae

homeland, country

97

premo

premere, pressi, pressum

to repress, control

98

sceptrum

sceptri

staff, scepter

99

sedeo

sedere, sedi, sessus

to sit

100

sonorus, a, um

roaring, howling

101

tempero (1)

to control, calm, restrain

102

tempestas

tempestatis

tempest, storm

103

vinculum, vinculi

bond, chain

104

voluto (1)

to roll, revovle, ponder

105

abdo

abdere, abdidi, abditus

to put away, hide

106

certus, a, um

fixed, sure

107

foedus

foederis

agreement, condition, treaty

108

habena, habenae

rein

109

homo

hominis

man, mortal, human

110

impono, imponere, imposui, impositus

to place upon

111

insuper

above, resides

112

laxus, a, um

loose, free, lax

113

metuo

metuere, metui,

fear, dread

114

mulceo

mulcere, mulsi, mulsus

to calm, soothe

115

ni

nisi

if not, unless

116

omnipotens

omnipotentis

almighty, all powerful

117

premo

premere, pressi, pressus

to press, control

118

profundus, a, um

deep, high, vast

119

quippe

indeed, surely

120

rapidus, a, um

swift, whirling

121

scio

scire, scivi, scitus

to know, understand

122

spelunca

speluncae

cave, cavern

123

supplex

supplicis

suppliant, humble

124

utor

uti, usus

to use, employ

125

verro

verrere, verri, versus

to sweep

126

bis

twice

127

disicio, disicere, disieci, disiectus

to scatter, disperse

128

diversus, a, um

scattered, diverse

129

forma

formae

beauty, shape

130

incutio

incutere, incussi, incussus

to strike

131

inimicus, a, um

hostile, unfriendly

132

navigo,

navigare, navigavi, navigatum

to sail, navigate

133

obruo

obruere, obrui, obrutus

to overwhelm, crush

134

penates

penatium

household gods

135

pontus,

ponti

sea

136

porto

portare, portavi, portatum

to carry, bear, bring

137

praestans,

praestantis

surpassing, excelling

138

septem

seven

139

accumbo

accumbere, accubui, accubitus

to recline (at)

140

annus

anni

year

141

capesso

capessere, capessivi, capessitus

to undertake, perform

142

concilio

conciliare, conciliavi, conciliatum

to win over, unite

143

conubium

conubii

marriage, wedlock

144

dico

dicare, dicavi, dicatum

to consecrate, dedicate

145

epulae

epularum

banquet, feast

146

exigo

exigere, egi, actus

to complete, pass

147

exploro

explorare, exploravi, exploratum

to examine, search out

148

fas

right, divine law

149

iungo

iungere, iunxi, iunctus

to join, yoke, unite

150

iussum

iussi

command, order

151

meritum

meriti

desert, merit

152

nimbus

nimbi

storm, cloud

153

opto

optare, optavi, optatum

to desire, choose, hope for

154

potens

potentis

powerful, ruling

155

pro

before

156

proles

prolis

offspring, progeny

157

proprius, a, um

one's own

158

pulcher, pulchra, um

beautiful

159

sceptrum

staff, scepter, power

160

stabilis, stabile

firm, lasting, stable

161

tempestas, tempestatis

tempest, storm

162

cavus, a, um

hollow, vaulted

163

converto

convertere, converti, conversus

to turn around, reverse

164

creber, crebra, crebrum

frequent, crowded

165

cuspis

cuspidis

point, spear

166

impello

impellere, impuli, impulsus

to drive, strike (against)

167

incumbo, incumbere, incubui, incubitus

to lie upon, brood over

168

insequor

insequi, insecutus

to follow, pursue

169

latus, lateris

side, flank

170

nubes, nubis

cloud, fog, mist

171

perflo (1)

to blow over, through

172

porta, portae

gate, door

173

procella

procellae

blast, gust

174

qua

where, in any way

175

rudens, rudentis

rope, cable

176

stridor

stridoris

cracking, grating, whirring

177

subito

suddenly

178

una

together, at the same time

179

velui

even, just as

180

aether

aetheris

upper air, sky

181

beatus, a, um

happy, blessed

182

contingo

contingere, contigi, contactus

to touch, befall

183

creber, a, um

frequent, crowded

184

duplex

duplicis

double, both

185

extemplo

immediately, straightaway

186

fortis

forte

strong, brave

187

frigus, frigoris

cold, chill

188

incubo

incubare, incubui, incubitus

to lie upon

189

ingemo

ingemere, ingemui

to groan

190

intento

intentare, intentavi, intentatum

to threaten, aim

191

intono

intonare, intonui

to thunder, roar

192

membrum, membri

limb, member, part

193

mico

micare, micui

to quiver, flash

194

occumbo

occumbere, occubui, occubitus

to fall (in death)

195

oppeto

oppetere, oppetivi, oppetitus

to encounter, meet

196

palma

palmae

palm, hand

197

polus,

poli

pole, sky, heaven

198

pontus, ponti

sea

199

praesens

praesentis

present, instant

200

quater

four times

201

solvo,

solvere, solvi, solutus

to relax, loosen

202

ter

thrice, three times

203

adversus, a, um

opposite, in front

204

altum, alti

the deep

205

commoveo

commovere, commovi, commotus

to move, to disturb

206

dehinc

then, thereupon

207

disicio

disicere, disieci, disiectus

to scatter, disperse

208

dolus

doli

deceit, wiles, trick, fraud

209

effero

effere, extuli, exlatus

to raise, lift up

210

emitto

emittere, emisi, emissus

to send forth

211

fiducia

fudiciae

confidence, trust

212

frater

fratris

brother

213

graviter (adv)

heavily, violently

214

interea

meanwhile, meantime

215

lateo

latere, latui

to lie hid, escape the notice of

216

misceo

miscere, miscui, mixtus

to mix, confuse

217

murmur

murmuris

murmur, roar

218

opprimo

opprimere, oppressi, oppressus

to overwhelm, crush

219

placidus, a, um

calm, quiet, peaceful

220

prospicio

prospicere, prospexi, prospectus

to look out on, to see

221

refundo

refundere, refudi, refusus

to pour back

222

ruina

ruinae

downfall, ruin

223

stagnum

stagni

still waters, depth

224

vadum

vadi

shallow, shoal, depths

225

vester

vestra, vestrum

yours, your own

226

audeo

audire, ausus sum

to dare, to venture

227

aula

aulae

court, hall

228

carcer

carceris

prison, inclosure

229

cito

quickly, soon

230

claudo

claudere, clausi, clausus

to enclose, hem in

231

colligo

colligere, collegi, collectus

to collect, to gather

232

commissum

commissi

fault, crime

233

compono

componere, composui, compositus

to compose, construct, calm, quiet

234

fugo

fugare, fugavi, fugatum

to put to flight, rout

235

iacto

iactare, iactavi, iactatum

to toss, buffet

236

luo

luere, lui

to atone for

237

maturo

maturare, maturavi, maturatum

to hasten, speed; ripen

238

misceo

miscere, miscui, mixtus

to mix, confuse, stir

239

nubes

nubis

cloud, mist, fog

240

placo

placare, placavi, placatum

to calm, quiet

241

post

afterward, behind

242

praesto

praestare, praestiti, praestitus

to surpass, be better

243

reduco

reducere, reduxi, reductus

to lead back, bring back

244

regno

regnare, regnavi, regnatum

to rule, reign

245

saevus, ,a um

fierce, cruel

246

similis, simile

like, similiar

247

sol, solis

sun, day

248

sors

sortis

lot, fate, destiny

249

tridens

tridentis

trident, symbol of Neptune

250

tumidus, a, um

swelling, swollen

251

acutus, a, um

sharp, pointed

252

adnitor

adniti, adniti, adnisus sum

to strive, lean against

253

aperio

aperire, aperui, apertus

to open, disclose

254

arrigo, arrigere, arrexi, arrectus

to raise, prick up

255

adsto

adstare, adstiti

to stand (near by)

256

auris

auris

ear

257

conspicio

conspicere, conspexi, conspectus

to see, behold

258

coorior

cooriri, coortus sum

to arise

259

detrudo

detrudere, detrusi, detrusum

to push off, dislodge

260

fax

facis

firebrand, torch

261

furor

furoris

madness, frenzy, rage

262

gravis

grave

heavy, weighty

263

ignobilis

ignobile

inglorious, common

264

levis

leve

light, swift

265

levo

levare, levavi, levatum

to lift, raise

266

meritum

meriti

desert, service, merit

267

ministro

ministrare, ministravi, ministratum

to tend, serve, supply

268

perlabor

perlabi, perlapsus sum

to glide over

269

pietas

pietatis

loyalty, devotion, duty

270

populis

populi

people, nation, crowd

271

rota

rotae

wheel, chariot

272

saevio

saevire, saevivi, saevitus

to rage, be fierece

273

scopulus

scopuli

rock, cliff

274

seditio

seditionis

riot, strife

275

sileo

silere, silui

to be silent, be still

276

syrtis

syrtii

sand bar, reef

277

tempero

temperare, temperavi, temperatum

to calm, control

278

velut

as, just as

279

volo, volare, volavi, volatum

to fly, speed

280

vulgus, vulgi

crowd, throng, herd

281

apertus, a, um

open, clear

282

cado

cadere, cecidi, casum

to fall, subside

283

currus, currus

chariot, car

284

flecto, flectere, flexi, flexum

to bend, turn, guide

285

fragor

fragoris

crash, uproar

286

inveho

invehere, invexi, invectum

to carry in, convey

287

lorum

lori

rein, thong

288

mulceo

mulcere, mulsi, mulsus

to soothe, calm

289

prospicio

prospicere, prospexi, prospectus

to look out on

290

secundus, a, um

following, favorable

291

rego

regere, rexi, rectus

to rule, control

292

adnuo

adnuere, adnui, adutus

to nod assent, promise

293

amitto

amittere, amisi, amissus

to lose, let go

294

dehinc

thence, thereafter

295

disiungo

disiungere, disiunxi, disiunctus

separate, connect

296

homo, hominis

man, moral

297

immotus, a, um

unmoved, unshaken

298

infandus, a, um

unspeakable, cursed

299

libo

libare, libavi, libatum

to taste, touch; pour

300

metus, metus

fear, dread, anxiety

301

nata

natae

daughter

302

ob

on account of (+acc)

303

osculum

osculi

dainty lip, kiss

304

parco, parcere, peperci, parsus (+ dat)

to spare

305

pietas, pietatis

devoition, loyality

306

prodo

prodere, prodidi, proditus

to hand over, betray

307

progenies

progenei

offspring, progeny

308

promitto

promittere, promisi, promissus

to promise

309

repono

reponere, reposui, repositus

to replace, restore

310

sator

satoris

sower, begetter

311

sereno

serenare, serenavi, serenatum

to calm, clear

312

sublimis

sublime

on high, aloft, uplifted

313

vultus

vultus

countenance, face

314

addo

addere, addidi, additus

to add

315

aestas

aestatis

summer

316

arcanum

arcani

secret, mystery

317

cognomen

cognominis

surname, cognomen

318

contundo

contundere, contudi, contusus

to bruise, crush

319

ferox

feroxis

fierce, savage

320

gero

gerrere, gessi, gestus

to carry on, wage

321

hiberna

hibernorum

winter

322

magnanimus, a, um

great spirited

323

mos

moris

custom, manner, law

324

quando

when, since

325

remordeo

remordere, remordi, remorsus

to gnaw, trouble

326

sentenia

senteniae

opinion, purpose

327

transeo

transire, transii, transitus

to pass by

328

donec

until, while, as long as

329

fulvus, a, um

tawny, yellow

330

expleo,

explere, explevi, expletus

to fill out, fulfill

331

lupa

lupae

she-wolf

332

mensis

mensis

mouth

333

munio, munire, munivi, munitus

to fortify

334

orbis,

orbis

circle, orb

335

partus

partus

offspring, birth

336

proles

prolis

offspring, progeny

337

sacerdos

sacerdotis

priestess

338

tegimen

tegiminis

covering, skin

339

transfero

transferre, transtuli, translatus

to transfer

340

dominus

domini

lord, master

341

fatigo

fatigare, fatigavi, fatigatum

to weary, tire out

342

meta

metae

goal, limit, bound

343

placeo

placere, placui, placitus

to please (+ dat)

344

togatus, a, um

toga-clad

345

nascor, nati, natus

to be born

346

astrum

astri

star, constellaton

347

dominor

dominari, dominatus sum

to rule over (+dat)

348

onustus, , aum

laden, burdened

349

origo

originis

origin, beginning

350

securus, a, um

free from care

351

spolium

spoli

spoils, booty, plunder

352

termino

terminare, terminavi, terminatum

to bound, to limit

353

votum

voti

prayer, vow

354

artus, a, um

close fitting

355

canus, a, um

white, gray

356

claudo, claudere, clausi, clausus

to enclose, fasten

357

compages, compagis

joint, stream, fastening

358

cruentus, a, um

bloody, cruel

359

dirus, a, um

dire, awful

360

fremo

fremere, fremui, fremitus

to rage, to roar

361

intus

within

362

ius

iuris

justice, law, right

363

mitesco

mitescere

becoming mild

364

nodus

nodi

knot

365

saeculum

saeculi

age, generation

366

saevus, a, um

cruel, fierce

367

tergum, tergi

back ,hide rear

368

vincio

vincire, vinvxi, vinctus

to bind, to tie