Key Grammar Constructs Noted in Class Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Grammar Constructs Noted in Class Deck (17):
1

quis fallere possit amantem

possit is an example of what?

deliberate subjunctive: deliberate question with its verb in the subjunctive

quid facerem: what was I to do?

2

dactylic hexameter

dactyl is a measure consisting of one long and two short syllables, the name dactyl comes from the Greek word for finger, since with its two joints a finger can be imagined as consisting of one longer and two shorter sections

-uu / -uu / -uu / -uu / -uu / --

3

sponde

a measure consisting of two long syllables, can be substituted in for a short syllable:
_ _ _ instead of _ u u

4

elision

when one word ends with vowel, and the following word begins with a vowel, the first vowel or diphthong is elided, ie, blended with the second
-the length of the resulting combination syllable will generally be whatever the length of the second syllable originally was

5

enjambment

the continuation of a unit of thought beyond the end of one verse and into the first few feet of the next

6

hendiadys

the expression of an idea by means of two nouns connected by a conjunction instead of by a noun and a modifying adjective, or by one noun modified by another

fortunam atque viam = fortunam viae

7

hysteron proteron

the reversal of teh natural or logical order of ideas

8

polysyndeton

an overabundance of conjunctions (like -que)

9

synchysis

interlocking word order, many variations on teh pattern abAB exist

10

does the final food of dactylic hexameter end with a dactyl?

no, its called an anceps, it can beither either
- - OR - u

11

short syllable usually contains what?

a short quantity vowel, such as the nominative singular ending of the first declension

12

a long syllable usually contains what?

a long quantity vowel, such as the ablative singular of teh first declension...usually marked with a long sign

13

diphthong

when two vowels are pronounced together, such as the genetive singular of the first declension

nAUtAE
both are considered long under this rule

14

a syllable is considered long when followed by what?

two consonants, whehter in the same word or beginning the subsequent word

15

syllables are usually divided between what?

a vowel and a single consonant
ex: vi-rum and not vir-um

16

when a vowel is followed by two consonants in teh same word, the division comes between what?

when a vowel is followed by two consonants in the same word, the division comes between the consonants
ex: ar-ma, not arm-a

17

caesura

a brief halting during the reading of the line