Flashcards in Key Grammar Constructs Noted in Class Deck (17)
quis fallere possit amantem
possit is an example of what?
deliberate subjunctive: deliberate question with its verb in the subjunctive
quid facerem: what was I to do?
dactyl is a measure consisting of one long and two short syllables, the name dactyl comes from the Greek word for finger, since with its two joints a finger can be imagined as consisting of one longer and two shorter sections
-uu / -uu / -uu / -uu / -uu / --
a measure consisting of two long syllables, can be substituted in for a short syllable:
_ _ _ instead of _ u u
when one word ends with vowel, and the following word begins with a vowel, the first vowel or diphthong is elided, ie, blended with the second
-the length of the resulting combination syllable will generally be whatever the length of the second syllable originally was
the continuation of a unit of thought beyond the end of one verse and into the first few feet of the next
the expression of an idea by means of two nouns connected by a conjunction instead of by a noun and a modifying adjective, or by one noun modified by another
fortunam atque viam = fortunam viae
the reversal of teh natural or logical order of ideas
an overabundance of conjunctions (like -que)
interlocking word order, many variations on teh pattern abAB exist
does the final food of dactylic hexameter end with a dactyl?
no, its called an anceps, it can beither either
- - OR - u
short syllable usually contains what?
a short quantity vowel, such as the nominative singular ending of the first declension
a long syllable usually contains what?
a long quantity vowel, such as the ablative singular of teh first declension...usually marked with a long sign
when two vowels are pronounced together, such as the genetive singular of the first declension
both are considered long under this rule
a syllable is considered long when followed by what?
two consonants, whehter in the same word or beginning the subsequent word
syllables are usually divided between what?
a vowel and a single consonant
ex: vi-rum and not vir-um
when a vowel is followed by two consonants in teh same word, the division comes between what?
when a vowel is followed by two consonants in the same word, the division comes between the consonants
ex: ar-ma, not arm-a