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Beneficence

The obligation to do good and to prevent harm.

1

4 Implications of the principle of Beneficence are:

1. One ought not to inflict evil or harm.
2. One ought to prevent evil or harm.
3. One ought to remove evil.
4. One ought to do or promote good.

2

Describe Mill's "Harm Principle"

The individual should only be amenable to society for that conduct which directly harms another.

3

Police officer's must answer to 3 separate sets of standards:

1. Observe the law.
2. Respond to the community.
3. Follow professional standards.

4

Describe grass eating corruption:

Accepting cash in exchange for not writing citations, not arresting, accepting free food and coffee. Also involves looking the other way and not reporting the meat eaters.

5

Describe meat eating corruption:

Involves proactive, systematic, organized payoffs.

6

Describe the slippery slope corruption.

This idea suggests that when people begin to deviate, they do in small, incremental ways. But once a person strays from norms and rules of conduct, he begins to slide down a slope that leads to greater, more pronounced forms of deviance.

7

5 Rationalization techniques of neutralizing for Police Misconduct are:

1. Denial of responsibility. (They made me do it)
2. Denial of injury. (No innocents got hurt)
3. Denial of victim. (They deserved it)
4. Condemning the condemners. (They don't know anything)
5. Appeal to higher authority. (Protect your own)

8

5 Levels of criteria of evaluation for police review systems are:

1. Integrity (openness, objectivity, fairness)
2. Legitimacy (externally held perceptions)
3. Learning (propensity to change behavior in positive way)
4. Cost (fiscal impact)