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Today's police officers, as a group, possess some of the characteristics of professionalism. But they do not possess them all. Today's police officers possess all of the following characteristics of professionalism except one. It is:

A. Systemized knowledge.
B. Education.
C. Self-regulation.
D. Self-discipline.

pp. 28-31 (D)



What is the paradox associated with police discretion?

A. While it is absolutely essential that the police infuse the law with their intelligence and empathy, the public will naturally be driven to resent it.
B. By exercising discretion, the police are often violating a law or agency policy or rule.
C. The individual police officer's exercise of discretion is reviewed and judged by those who were not present to observe the officer's actions.
D. Police officers often make poor decisions while attempting to carry out their duties with the very best intentions.

p. 48; para. 1



If confronted with an arrest/no arrest decision, the police officer following utilitarian principles would consider:

A. the age of the offender.
B. the intentions of the offender.
C. the way his or her decision is perceived.
D. the long-term implications of each option.

p. 137; para. 5



The "slippery slope" idea suggests:

A. small-scale graft is unacceptable because it cannot be differentiated from large-scale graft.
B. the letter of the law is the same as the spirit of the law.
C. police discretion is a necessary but risky type of police behavior.
D. a single violation almost always leads to multiple violations.

p. 193; last para.