Flashcards in Botany Deck (34):
Two types of vascular tissue and what they transport
-xylem- moves water and nutrients
-Phloem- moves food (glucose and cellulose)
Where are the two types of vascular tissue found?
roots, stems, and leaves
What are the three functions of a root?
1. supplies water and nutrients
2. anchors the plant
3. stores extra food
What are the two types of roots?
Taproot and Fibrous
What are the three functions of a stem?
1. support the plant body
2. transport materials
3. some store materials
What are the two stem types?
Herbaceous (smaller plants) and woody stems (harder, plants grow taller)
What is the function of the leaves?
to make food for the plant through photosynthesis
What are the two important products of photosynthesis?
1. glucose (sugar)
What is the equation for photosynthesis?
Why is cellular respiration important for plants?
-plant cells use oxygen to produce energy from glucose to survive
6 characteristics of all plants
3. cell walls
green pigment responsible for absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis
support and protect plant cells
make their own food/energy as sugar and stores extra as starch
root-like structure in nonvascular seedless plants
reproductive cell or multicellular structure that is resistant to stressful environmental conditions and can develop into an adult without fusing into another cell
one of many opening in a leaf or stem that enables gas exchange to occur
moisture carried through plants and changes to vapor and releases to atmosphere
waxy coating over a leaf that protects it and prevents water loss
one of the outermost rings modified leaves that protect the flower bud
one of the ring or rings of the usually brightly colored leaf-shaped parts of a flower
male reproductive part, produces pollen and consists of an anther at the tip of a filament
saclike structures that produce pollen
female reproductive part, produces seeds, consists of ovary, style, and stigma
lower part of a pistil that produces egg in ovules
contains the egg
tiny granules that contain the male gametophyte of seed plants
transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to the female structures of seed plants
coat that surrounds and protects the seed
describes the inactive state of a seed or other plant part when conditions are unfavorable to growth
sprouting of a seed
movement of plant in response to its environment
something limiting plant growth (sunlight, water, CO2, nutrients, oxygen, temp)