CS of Lepto
hemolytic anemia, hemoglobinuria, abortion
how long can carry lepto?
how many samples need to be taken from a herd
how many samples for cases of chronic lepto are needed
tx for Lepto
organism that causes pyelonephritis
C renale or E coli
first sign of pyelonephritis
bloody urine in a normal looking animal
when do you see azotemia with pyelonephritis?
late in the disease
T/F changes are reversible with pyelonephritis?
false - might need to do a nephrectomy
hemogram with amyloidosis
hypoALB, elevated Crea and Urea
increased values with acute tubular necrosis
all renal fun tests
what can cause uroliths
estrogen, increased mg = struvites in feedlots, acidification can reduce struvites
will cows pass inspection with water belly?
no have to decrease urea to normal levels first
from urethral rupture
most common location for calculi to lodge
sigmoid flexure of the penis proximally
when do you see abdominal distention with bladder rupture
prevention of uroliths
Ca:P ration, salt, ammonium chloride
T/F Crea and Urea are elevated with uroliths