Flashcards in Bovine Terminology Deck (104)
What is an abnormal condition characterized by the distention of the rumen with gases?
Bloat is seen as an enlargement of what side of the abdomen?
intact male of breeding age
What is the generic term for both the caruncles of the cow's uterus and the cotyledon of the placenta?
you male or female bovine under 1 year of age
giving both to baby cows
What is the term describing the value of a caracas for consumption?
What is a raised area of tissue on the ruminant uterus where the cotyledons on the placenta attach, also called "buttons"?
What is a term meaning to force a cow to lie down, usually using a rope and knot system?
casting a cow
California Mastitis Test
What is an area of the placenta that contract the uterine lining, also called buttons?
What is a breed that has been formed by crossing two or more breeds?
What is a feed stuff high in digestible energy and low in crude fiber?
Is corn a concentrate?
Is cereal grains a concentrate?
Is soybean meal a concentrate?
Is beet pulp a concentrate?
sexually mature female boine
What is the term describing raising young calves from birth to 6-10 months of age?
What is a bolus of feed a ruminant regurgitates for further chewing?
What is the removal of an animal from the herd for slaughter or euthanasia?
Define term "didn't clean"?
did not pass placenta
Define dry cow.
cow that is not producing milk
What is the term for a calf that is produced to go directly into the feedlot?
What is a lot in which animals on a finishing ration are kept?
degree of fatness of an animal
What is the term meaning to give birth to young and initiate milk production?
Define free martin.
Sterile twin female, that is sterile due to testosterone.
What is a vasectomized bull used to detect estrus in cows?
What is a metabolic disorder characterized by low levels of magnesium in the blood serum of cattle?
Young female that has not produced a calf.
What do you calla grip of cattle?
What is the amount of trimmed élan retail cuts that can be obtained from a carcasss usually expressed as a percentage?
What is inflammation of the mammary gland?
What is a prurient paresis due to hypoglycemia?
What is a cow that did to get pregnant called?
What is an individual animal of a normally horned breed that does not grow horns?
What is a feed that is high in fiber, low in digestible nutrients, and low in energy?
What is the regurgitation of undigested food and chewing of it for a second time, then re-swallowing the food?
What is a mammal whose stomach has four parts?
What is a breeding animal, sometimes used interchangeably with purebreds?
What is forage, orb fodder, o sorghum preserved by fermentation that produces acids?
What is the little bit of horn left after dehorning called?
Define settled cow.
What is a slaughter calf?
calf ready to go to the market
What is the term for a female cow that is pregnant for the first time?
total mixed ration
What is the name for the practice of weighing and blending all feedstuffs into a complete ration which provides adequate nourishment to meet the needs of dairy cows?
total mixed ration
male bovine castrated at a young age
What is the organization which grows the calf from 6-10 months to one year?
What is the triangular depression in the upper part of the flank?
Where is the dorsal boundary of the paralumbar fossa?
transverse process of lumbar vertebrae
What is the cranial boundary of the paralumbar fossa?
All ruminants, including cows, have what instead of the upper incisors?
Are a cow's lips mobile?
In a cow, what structure is used as a prehensile appendage to help move food around the mouth and to form a food bolus?
What is the appearance of cow kidneys?
Are the right and left liver lobes divided in a cow?
What is the name for clumped lymph nodules throughout the GI tract?
What does the motion of a cow's kick look like?
What is another name for the cow's kicking motion?
What is the first stomach into which food enters?
What GI potion is a large vat that can hold up to 50 gallons at a time?
What GI portion has a large population of bacteria that ferment food?
What is the 2nd stomach in the cow?
What are the two other names for the reticulum?
Is there a true point of division between the rumen and the reticulum?
What is the third chamber of the stomach?
Which of the cow's stomach is very muscular?
What in the omasum allows for efficient absorption of water and salts?
highly folded, large surface area
What is the fourth and final stomach in the cow?
What is known as the true stomach in the cow?
What is the glandular stomach in the cow?
In which potion of the GI tract in the cow does acid digestion take place?
Where does the abomasum usually lie?
R front quadrant of abdomen
What GI organ functions to absorb nutrients as the chumpe passes through?
What is the SI broken down into?
Are enzyme secreted in the SI?
Do cows have a cecum?
Is the exact function of the cecum in cattle known?
What shape is the colon of the cow?
What organ, on the cow provides passive immunity to calves?
What kind of gland is the mammary gland?
Into how many sections is the mammary gland divided?
What is the name for grape like structures lined with specialized epithelium?
Does each alveolus of the mammary gland have its own blood supply?
In the cow, where does the milk collect?
What is the process of the milk draining from the udder when the cow is stimulated to let down milk?
Describe the path of milk letdown?
via teat sphincter
If the teat sphincter weakens in a cow what does this allow to penetrate into the mammary gland?
What hormones stimulate milk production?
What hormone stimulates milk letdown?
What, in the cow, stimulates the release of oxytocin in terms of milk letdown?
What can inhibit the release of oxytocin and there fore cease milk letdown?
Is cow milk higher or lower in protein than human milk?
What determines the fat content in milk produced by cows?
When does lactation in cows peak?
a few weeks after initiation
How many days after calving are dairy cows allowed to "dry out"?
When a cow is allowed to dry out, for how long is it dry?
Can cows be born with supernumerary teats?
When can extra teats be removed?
Can having too many teats predispose a cow to mastitis?