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Large Animal Theory I > Camelid Information > Flashcards

Flashcards in Camelid Information Deck (74):
1

What camel originates from Africa and South Asia?

Domedary

2

What camel originates from Central Asia?

Bactrian

3

Where do Guanacos, Llamas, Vicunas, and Alpacas originate from?

South America

4

What is the wild predecosor of a llama?

Guanaco

5

What is the wild predecosor of an alpaca?

Vicuna

6

What camelid group is used for iridng, carrying goods, agriculture, meat, fiber, and dung (fuel)?

camels

7

What camelid group is used primarily as a pac animal, meat, fibe, and dun (fuel)?

lamoids

8

The lamoid group includes what?

llamas
alpacas

9

What is a condition where a male llama who has been improperly imprinted on humans becomes physically aggressive towards people upon reaching pubery?

"Beserk Male" Syndrome

10

What is the name for a neonate camelid?

cria

11

What is the term (s) for paturition in a camelid?

criation
unpacking

12

What ia the term for a female camleid?

dam

13

What is the the term for a proven male camelid used for breeding?

herdshire
stud

14

What is the term for the sounds that llamas make when they are tired, stressed, hot, uncomfortable, curious or concerned?

humming

15

What is a cross between alpaca and llama?

huzario

16

What is the term for the act of a camelid laying down sternally or the actual position of sternal recumbency?

kush

17

What is the term for a mature female read to breed for the first time, usually between 12-24 months old?

maiden

18

Wha tis the term for a female camelid that is not pregnant?

open

19

What is the term for the characteristis rapid grunting of a male camelid made by breeding males during copulation?

orgle

20

What is the term for when a camelid male displays characteristic behavioral nad physical signs that the breeding season has begun?

rut

21

What is the term for a father camelid?

stire

22

What is another name for the dromedary camel?

arabian camel

23

How many humps does the dromedary camel have?

one

24

What is the haircoat length of a dromedary camel?

short ot medium

25

How many humps does the bactrian camel have?

two

26

What camel has a long, dense, shaggy coat?

Bactrian

27

What breed of camel is present in large undomesticated groups in Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, and India?

bactrian

28

Where did the llama originate?

south america

29

Is the alpaca or llama the largest?

llama

30

What are llamas directly descended from?

guanacos

31

What species of llamoid is native to the arid, mountaneous regions of south maerica?

guanaco

32

What is one of the largest wild mmamal species found in South America, though smaller than theri domesticated descendants?

guanaco

33

What species of llamoid has a dark brown topline seen with shades of cream or white along the ventral surfaces, with grey shading on the face?

guanaco

34

What species of llamoid originated in the western mountains of south america??

alpaca

35

What species of llamoid is smaller than llamas and guanacos?

alpaca

36

What species of llamoid is descended directly from the Vicuna?

alpaca

37

What species of llamoid is bred exclusively for fiber and meat?

alpaca

38

What species of llamoid is native to the central plains of the Andes in the South America?

vicuna

39

What species of llamoid the smallesst?

vicuna

40

What species of llamoid is present at about 350k and is still trheatened?

vicuna

41

How often are wild vicunas rounded up and shorn for their wool?

every 3 years

42

What species of llamoid has the finest animal fiber known to man?

vicuna

43

How much does vicuna fiber sell for?

400-600 dollars a kilogram

44

Do camelids ruminate?

yes

45

Are camelids classified as ruminants?

yes

46

How much can the termperature of a camelid flucturate without harm?

7 degrees

47

What shape is the red blood cell in a camel?

oval

48

For which species is the following dental formuls: 2(1/3, C1/1, P 3/1-2, M3/3)?

camels

49

How many teeth do camels have?

32-34

50

The foolowing dental formuyla applies to which collection of species?
2(I1/3, C1/1 P2/1 M3/3)

lamoid

51

How many teeth do lamoids have?

30

52

Do all camelids posses canines?

yes

53

When canines in male camelids become extremely sharp thery are called what?

fighting teeth

54

Do camelids posses a full complement of upper incisors?

no

55

Do camelids have a dental pad?

yes

56

Do camelids have a gall bladder/

no

57

What two metacarpals/metatarsals are dused in the camelids?

third and fourth

58

Do camels have vestigial digits?

no

59

Do camelids have hooves?

no

60

Do camelids have tonails?

yes

61

What kind of ovulator is the cameliud?

induced

62

What is the gestation of a lamoid?

11-12 mo

63

What is the gestation of a camel?

13-14 mo

64

How long is estrus in a camelid?

4-5 days

65

What position do camelids deliver in?

standing
kush

66

How are most camelids bred?

liver cover

67

In what position do camelids mate?

kush

68

What is the most common cause of mortality in camelid neonates?

failure of passive transfer of antiboides

69

Camelids have nutritional needs similar to what?

sheep and goats

70

When do camelids do best?

grazing on pasture

71

Are camelids capable of breaking through ice?

no

72

Wha tis the normal temp range for a camelid?

99-101.5

73

What is teh pulse rate for a camelid?

60-90bpm

74

Wha is the resp rate for a camelid?

10-30 rpm