Flashcards in Bowel Elimination Deck (31):
refers to secretion and excretion of body wastes from the intestines
what are the anatomical parts involved in bowel elimination?
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus, defecation
food mixes with saliva and creates a bolus and then food is swallowed, enzymes actually start breaking down the food here
secretes mucus and facilitates movement of the food to the stomach
1 inch in diameter and about 28 feet long, secretes amylase, lactose, lipase, made up of the cecum, ileum, duodenum, jejunum
prevents the backflow of material from the ileum
two and half inches in diameter and about five and half feet long; job is to absorb water and sodium and excrete feces
bowel movement; expulsion of feces from the anus and rectum
waste product normally brown in color
wave like movements produced by muscle fibers to propel feces forward
gas; about 7-10 liters of gas in the large intestine in a span of 24 hours
movement of the chyme
increased peristalsis of the colon right after eating food (right after this happens diarrhea tends to follow)
what are the factors affecting bowel elimination?
age, diet, fluid intake, physical activity, psychological factors, personal habits, position during defecation, pain, pregnancy, surgery and anesthesia, medications, diagnostic tests
when assessing somone's bowel elimination what questions should you ask?
describe a normal stool size, color, etc?
how frequent do you defecate?
any bowl diversions?
diet history - has there been any change in diet?
daily fluid intake?
history of surgery?
Beans, beer, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, carbonated beverages, cauliflower, onions produce what common intestinal reaction?
Cabbage, celery, coconut, corn, dried fruit, green peppers, lettuce, mushrooms, nuts, peas, pineapple, popcorn, raw vegetables, seeds, skins from fruits and vegetables produce what common intestinal reaction?
applesauce, bananas, cheese, pasta, rice, peanut butter, potato (without the skin), tapioca produce what common intestinal reaction?
grape juice, high-sugar foods, prune juice, spicy food produce what common intestinal reaction?
alcohol, asparagus, eggs, fish, garlic onions produce what common intestinal reaction?
buttermilk and yogurt produce what common intestinal reaction?
examinations that utilize a scope such as sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, upper GI endoscopy
examination that requires bowel prep such as bowel preparation
protein that acts like a sponge and keeps the fluid in a vascular volume
brown color of the feces and is removed from the body by the liver
a symptom, not a disease; infrequent stool and/or hard, dry, small stools that are difficult to eliminate
results from unrelieved constipation; a collection of hardened feces wedged in the rectum that a person cannot expel
an increase in the number of stools and the passage of liquid, unformed feces
inability to control passage of feces and gas into the anus
accumulation of gas in the intestines causing the walls to stretch