Bowel Elimination Flashcards Preview

Nur 111 - Unit 4 Exam > Bowel Elimination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bowel Elimination Deck (31):
1

refers to secretion and excretion of body wastes from the intestines

Bowel Elimination

2

what are the anatomical parts involved in bowel elimination?

mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus, defecation

3

food mixes with saliva and creates a bolus and then food is swallowed, enzymes actually start breaking down the food here

mouth

4

secretes mucus and facilitates movement of the food to the stomach

esophagus

5

1 inch in diameter and about 28 feet long, secretes amylase, lactose, lipase, made up of the cecum, ileum, duodenum, jejunum

small intestine

6

prevents the backflow of material from the ileum

chyme

7

two and half inches in diameter and about five and half feet long; job is to absorb water and sodium and excrete feces

large intestine

8

bowel movement; expulsion of feces from the anus and rectum

defecation

9

waste product normally brown in color

feces

10

wave like movements produced by muscle fibers to propel feces forward

peristalsis

11

gas; about 7-10 liters of gas in the large intestine in a span of 24 hours

flatus

12

movement of the chyme

haustral churning

13

increased peristalsis of the colon right after eating food (right after this happens diarrhea tends to follow)

gastrocolic reflex

14

what are the factors affecting bowel elimination?

age, diet, fluid intake, physical activity, psychological factors, personal habits, position during defecation, pain, pregnancy, surgery and anesthesia, medications, diagnostic tests

15

when assessing somone's bowel elimination what questions should you ask?

describe a normal stool size, color, etc?
how frequent do you defecate?
any bowl diversions?
diet history - has there been any change in diet?
exercise?
daily fluid intake?
history of surgery?
medication history?

16

Beans, beer, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, carbonated beverages, cauliflower, onions produce what common intestinal reaction?

gas

17

Cabbage, celery, coconut, corn, dried fruit, green peppers, lettuce, mushrooms, nuts, peas, pineapple, popcorn, raw vegetables, seeds, skins from fruits and vegetables produce what common intestinal reaction?

incomplete digestion

18

applesauce, bananas, cheese, pasta, rice, peanut butter, potato (without the skin), tapioca produce what common intestinal reaction?

thickened stool

19

grape juice, high-sugar foods, prune juice, spicy food produce what common intestinal reaction?

thinned stool

20

alcohol, asparagus, eggs, fish, garlic onions produce what common intestinal reaction?

increased odor

21

buttermilk and yogurt produce what common intestinal reaction?

reduced odor

22

examinations that utilize a scope such as sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, upper GI endoscopy

direct visualization

23

examination that requires bowel prep such as bowel preparation

indirect visualization

24

protein that acts like a sponge and keeps the fluid in a vascular volume

albumin

25

brown color of the feces and is removed from the body by the liver

bilirubin

26

a symptom, not a disease; infrequent stool and/or hard, dry, small stools that are difficult to eliminate

constipation

27

results from unrelieved constipation; a collection of hardened feces wedged in the rectum that a person cannot expel

impaction

28

an increase in the number of stools and the passage of liquid, unformed feces

diarrhea

29

inability to control passage of feces and gas into the anus

incontinence

30

accumulation of gas in the intestines causing the walls to stretch

flatulence

31

dilated, engorged veins the lining of the rectum

hemorrhoids