BPP Study Manual Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BPP Study Manual Chapter 2 Deck (24):

What are the institutions of the European Union?

1) EU Parliament
2) EU Council
3) the Council
4) EU Commission
5) Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)
6) European Central Bank (ECB)
7) Court of Auditors


Where is the European Parliament?

Committees in Brussels, sits in Strasbourg, secretariat is in Brussels and Luxembourg


How many MEPs sit in the EU Parl?

750 plus the president.


How long is the term for an MEP?

5 years


What renamed the European Assembly as the European Parliament?

Single European Act 1987


What powers does the EU Parl have over legislation?

It can request that the Commission submit a proposal to take action in an area
It can veto passing legislation
it can reject the budget
It exercises a supervisory function


How is the presidency of the European Council determined?

it is allotted by rotation


Who makes up the membership of the Council?

The ministers of the MS. Which particular members attends varies with the topic.


What does Qualified Majority Voting attempt to ensure?

That proposals with a strong support cannot be blocked by a small group of MS, and especially can't be blocked by a small group of countries with a big population


What is COREPER?

Committee of Permanent Representatives. Prepares the meetings of the Council and continues its work between meetings


How does voting work in the Council?

Each country is allocated a certain number of votes according to its population


How many people sit in the EU Commission?

One Commissioner per member state, so currently 27


Who is the figurehead of the EU?

the President of the EU Commission


What is the Commissions primary role?

it is effectively the executive of the EU


What powers does the Commission have?

- propose draft legislation
- shape legislative programme of the Union
- supervisory powers eg to force MS to obey EU treaty obligations


What is the makeup of the EUCJ?

One judge from each MS appointed reneqably for 6 years.
The court elects its own president every 3 years
8 Advocates-General who deliver in open court a reasoned and impartial opinion in most cases. highly influential but not binding.


How many judges will hear a case?

One of:
Chambers - three to five judges
Grand Chamber - 13 judges
Full Court - 15 judges (exceptionally)


Who can bring a dispute to the CJEU?

-a Member State
- an individual, where the issue is of direct, individual concern to that individual
- one of the EU institutions


What are the three main jobs of the CJEU?

- ensuring MS fulfil their obligations under EU law
- ensuring EU institutions act lawfully
- providing preliminary rulings; ie interpretating the law when requested by national courts


What is the General Court?

an independent court attached to the CJEU that decides at first instance a number of actions eg actions brought by individuals against EU institutions. It aims to reduce the caseload of the CJEU


What is the role of the Court of Auditors?

to independently audit the revenue and spending of the Union and to certify that its accounts are legal and reliable


What is the European Council?

Effectively, a regular summit meeting between heads of MS. It serves to produce long- term strategic decisions.


What interests do each of the EU Parliament, Commission and Council represent?

Parliament - the people of the Union
Council - the member states
Commission - the Union itself


Why have the powers and legitimacy of the EU Parliament grown?

direct election of its members and increasing use of the "ordinary legislative" (co-decision) procedure