Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 In D Major (Johann Sebastian Bach) Flashcards Preview

Edexcel GCSE (9-1) Music > Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 In D Major (Johann Sebastian Bach) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 In D Major (Johann Sebastian Bach) Deck (19)
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1

Concerto grosso

Made of concertino (small group of soloists - violin, flute, harpsichord) and ripieno (larger orchestra)

2

Basso continuo

Continuous bass played by harpsichord and low strings

3

Figured bass

Harpsichord reads single bass line with added figures (shows chords above notes)

4

Role of harpsichord

Soloist, part of basso continuo, accompaniment to complete harmony, realises figures bass, and coordinator

5

Time signature

2/4

6

Speed

Allegro - lively

7

Gigue

Dance like movement - in 6/8 (compound) time

8

Rhythmic features

Triplets - makes seem like in 6/8, dotted rhythms and quavers

9

Key

D major

10

Modulations

Lots of modulations to dominant key: D - A(add Gsharps) - E(add Dsharps) - A - D (Section A)
Section B : Bm - Fsharpm - A - Em - Bm - D - Fsharpm
Diatonic

11

Trills

Used on minims for harpsichord since cant sustain notes

12

Texture

Mostly contrapuntal (subject and countersubject - often virtuosic) and fugal but parts where monophonic (beginning) and homophonic

13

Structure

Combines fugue (exposition, middle, final) and ternary (ABA)

14

Fugal exposition

Subject and answer played alternatively every two bars (countersubject played while not playing)

15

Stretto

Subject and answer enter only one bar after - like tumbling over - more exciting

16

Baroque musical devices

Suspensions, sequences, pedals

17

Dynamics

No dynamics since weren’t invented back then. Use terraced dynamics - layer instruments to create louder sound

18

Melody

Stepwise + conjunct
Scalic runs in harpsichord
Passagework - quick short notes
Sequences

19

Harmony

Functional - chords related to each other
Modulations
Tonic pedals
Root position chords (sometimes first inversion)
Perfect cadences
Suspensions - 9th resolved to 8ths