Pathétique, Piano Sonata No. 8 In C Minor (Ludwig Van Beethoven) Flashcards Preview

Edexcel GCSE (9-1) Music > Pathétique, Piano Sonata No. 8 In C Minor (Ludwig Van Beethoven) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathétique, Piano Sonata No. 8 In C Minor (Ludwig Van Beethoven) Deck (13)
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1

Era

Classical-Romantic
Showed adventurous harmony and extended structures

2

Romantic era features

Powerful emotions - Pathétique is suffering
Minor keys, dramatic chords, accented notes, strong melodies, romantic harmony, diminished sevenths

3

Piano

Was undergoing development - larger range

4

Fundamental ideas

Repetition ( repeats intro) and contrast (subjects in devlopment)

5

Structure

Developed sonata form - intro (unusually slow) - exposition - intro - development - recapitulation - intro - coda

6

Key

C minor

7

Time signature

4/4 - 2/2 - 4/4

8

Intro

Homophonic, right hand (florid melody), left hand (chord accompaniment), heavy, dramatic chords (diminished 7th - chromatic + unstable - romantic)
Grave - unusually slow
Extreme dynamic contrast - romantic
Diatonic - functional harmony

9

Exposition - first subject

Fast tempo, 2/2
(C minor)
scalic, ascending,
murky bass, diatonic (PC),
chromatic bassline (classical to romantic),
Bflat pedal (dominant of Eflat minor - preparation)

10

Exposition - second subject

Eflat minor - weird since normally relative major
hand crossing, acciacatura, mordent
New theme 1 - Eflat major, contrary motion (right goes up/left goes down), continuous quavers, Alberti bass
New theme 2 - scalic descending melody, stepwise, high tessitura
Repeat - classical - 2nd dominant to dominant will then go to tonic (Cminor)

11

2nd intro

Same as 1st
Unrelated G minor
Eflat written as Dsharp - enharmonic equivalent

12

Development

Unrelated E minor
develops 1st + 2nd subject (distant keys)
Rhythmically augmented version of intro
Modulates to G minor - dominant pedal in C minor - dominant preparation to C minor

13

Recapitulation

1st subject (C minor) - tonic pedal, perfect cadence, functional
2nd subject (F minor - subdominant) - hand crossing, high tessitura, scalic + descending, four bars from intro - same
Coda - based on 1st subject