Samba Em Preludio (Esperanza Spalding) Flashcards Preview

Edexcel GCSE (9-1) Music > Samba Em Preludio (Esperanza Spalding) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Samba Em Preludio (Esperanza Spalding) Deck (13)
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1

Key

B minor

2

Structure

Strophic - head arrangement based on main theme:
Intro - verse 1 - break - verse 2 - guitar solo - verse 3 - coda
16 bar sections
Guitar flourish at end - virtuosic

3

Harmony and Tonality

B minor
Conjunct - stepwise
Jazz harmony - not simple triads - extended, altered, substitution

4

Instrumentation

Female vocal
Acoustic bass guitar - virtuosic solo at start, double stops, mordants, glissando
Nylon-string acoustic guitar - chords + short melodies - has virtuosic solo

5

Time signature

4/4

6

Rhythm and tempo

Starts in free tempo - pulse pulled around freely
Tempo rubato - performer can pull back or speed up
Syncopated
Based on Bossa Nova rhythm

7

Bossa Nova rhythm

Dotted crotchet- quaver rhythm
(Like a salsa groove but doubled the lengths)
Heard in bass from bar 19

8

Melody

Syllabic - more focus on bass guitar while singing
Beginning - sings ascending broken chords
Stepwise - verse 2
Often sins highest notes (7ths) - bar 35, sings F of Gsharp dim7

9

Texture

Start is monophonic - is it really since double stopping (chords)
Overall MDH
Counterpoint between parts (voice and bass chords)
Bossa nova - polyphonic counterpoint - guitar + bass accompany melody
Sparse in places - creates intimate feel - just vocal and bass (fewer notes)

10

Verse 1

2 8-bar stanzas
Rising arpeggio (broken chord) - in triplets
First note of phrase descends by semitone - descending sequence
Move sin 3rds - occasional 7ths

11

Verse 2

2 16-bar stanzas
Stepwise
Ascending + descending sequences
Contrapuntal - voice + acoustic/bass

12

Duet

Vocals sing verse 2
Bass guitar plays verse 1 - doubled note values

13

Solo

Virtuosic - show off
Conjunct - small intervals
MDH - acoustic plays melody accompanied by bass
Trills, quintuplets, hammer ons, acciacaturas, extended chords