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Flashcards in Buddhism Deck (46)
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1

How many members, how old?

half a billion, 4th

2

How is it different from Hinduism?

Smaller, and more global

3

Different kinds of Buddhism:

Theravada
Mahanayana
Vajrayana

4

What do Buddhists call their religion?

DHARMA

5

Compared to Jainism?

6th century - a little bit after Jainism

6

Different than Jainism

Buddhism was against the extreme "ascetic" ideal of the Jains instead presenting itself as the "middle way"

7

Life of the Enlightened One

-Siddarta Guatama
His father kept him safe because he didn't want him to become religious

8

The 4 passing sights

Old Age
Sickness
Death
An ascetic monk

9

From distress to crisis

Bodh-gaya was Siddharta's resolve
Opposition, insight, and higher form of conciousness

10

Nirvana and parinarvana

-

11

The four noble truths

Life is suffering
Craving causes suffering
Suffering can cease
Through the eightfold middle path

12

A physicians approach

problem (suffering), source (craving), fact that it can be extinguished, how to extinguish it.

13

Teachings of the Buddha

-Salvation as self-effort and self-discipline
-Practical rather than metaphysical concern (nature & causes of suffering, rather than the gods)
-The chain of dependent operation (12-cause effect links)
-Iimmpermenance of life
-Rebirth without transmigration

14

Tripitaka (The three baskets)

Monastic rules
The teachings of Buddha
Doctrinal Supplement

15

Spread of Buddhism through?

Conversion of Emperor Ashoka (273-232)

16

Mayhayana

The great vehicle

17

Theological developments

Increased divinization of the Buddha
Multiplication of Buddha's and Bodhisvattvas
Devotion literature based on the view that the B&B are sources of merit
The Lotus Sutra as a key Mahayana scripture

18

Sunyata

Increased focus on emptiness of things

19

With new developments what happened?

Buddhism reached greater missionary success

20

Mahayana Beliefs

Buddhas: Those who have reached parivana after their human experience, like Siddharta can't be reached through prayer, but devotion creates merit
-Those who achieved

21

Mahayana Beliefs

Buddhas: Those who have reached parivana after their human experience, like Siddharta can't be reached through prayer, but devotion creates merit
-Those who achieved nirvana in heaven are contemplative buddhas or tathagatas. They postpone parinarvana to minister to our needs
-At least 5 Tathagatas - one solar, and 4 cardinal directions

22

Buddha of the West

Amida

23

Amida presides over

Western paradise - where nirvana is guranteed

24

Bodhisattvas

Human form - but postponed parinarvana for humanity
-Dwell in heaven, but can come to earth

25

Maitreya

A future Buddha/Bodhisattva who will come when the Dharma will have been forgotten

26

Who should take the vow to be a bodhisattva

Everyone

27

Maitreya

one who is yet to come

28

Budai

The laughing incarnated buddha

29

Avalokita

divine compassion - mother goddess (China), Dalai Lama (Tibet)

30

Jizo

Japan - protector of children