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Flashcards in Confucianism Deck (23)
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1

What is the distinction between religious and philosophical confucianism?

There is not one.

2

What was Confucius' main focus of attention?

SOCIAL ORDER

3

How did Confucius believe the will of heaven was fulfilled?

Through the moral law

4

How was it in relation to Chinese Folk Religion

Added to it

5

Exterted strong force on what part of Chinese culture?

Education

6

Confucius' Chinese name

Kong Zi

7

After time in the office he became a

wandering teacher

8

Transmitter of

Sacred knowledge from the past
The Five Chinese Classics
The Analects

9

The 4 books of Confucianism

1. The Analects
2. The book of Mencius
3. The doctrine of the mean
4. The book of great learning

10

Scriptures are more

Theological and philosophical

11

Confucius optimist humanism built an

Ethical system built on a different kind of emphasis than the Dao, the focus was social order and human relationships

12

Principal Themes:

Ren, Li

13

Ren:

Benevolence, love, the will to seek the good in others.

14

Government should be by

Ren

15

Li

Propriety, the correct form of social harmony and order

16

Propriety should involve:

1. Distinct roles in in relationships: kindness, not equality, filial piety
2. Reciprocity

17

What is reciprocity

The silver rule - do not unto others what you would not have them do unto you

18

Filial Peity:

Family is the first consideration

19

Five core human relationships

Ruler and subject
Father and son
Husband and wife
Eldest son and younger brother
Elder and junior

20

Junzi

The ideal human, the confucian gentleman

21

The five constant virtues:

Self respect, magnaminity, sincerity, earnestness, benevolence

22

The doctrine of the mean

The golden mean is the true state of human perfection.

23

Mencius

A disciple who was instrumental in the survival of Confucianism