Buddhism = the relationship between its historical development and its underlying principles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Buddhism = the relationship between its historical development and its underlying principles Deck (20):
1

what kind of belief it is?

a belief that functions at all levels

2

impact at micro level?

it inspires people to love by a certain set of values and practices

3

impact at Meso level?

it binds communities together around foresaid common values and practices

4

impact at macro level?

it functions as a universal belief that provides a common set of values/practices across all S&Cs

5

when did it begin?

Began in India 2 500 years ago

6

what is its appeal?

the human story of a man’s (Gautama) search for meaning

7

who is Guatama?

known as the ‘buddha’, born in Nepalese Ganges region around 560BCE, to a high cast Hindu father.

8

what did Guatama grow up surrounded by?

by wealth and opulence

9

what did Buddha become disenchanted by?

with the opulent, luxurious life so joined a Hindu monastery that specialised in ‘self-denial’, ie deny yourself everything except the basics in life (opposite of his family life)

10

what did he find about Hindu?

found this life of self-denial disenchanting as well

11

what did he after disenchantment with Hindu?

went on a path known as the Buddhist ‘Middle Way’ which captures the central beliefs of Buddhism, expressed through the ‘Four Noble Truths’ and the ‘Eightfold Path’.

12

what did these truths promise?

promised an individual enlightenment, or Nirvanna without having to go through reincarnations that characterise Hindu beliefs

13

It is a religion that can be described as a system through the notion of?

the ‘Three Jewells of Buddhism’ i.e. (central beliefs).

14

These central beliefs/Jewells are

*the Buddha himself, * the doctrine (dharma) and *the society of monks and nuns (sangha)

15

Historical development: Buddhism begins with

Buddha (the first Jewell).

16

Historical development:He showed people how to

work their own way to enlightenment through the dharma (doctrine, 2nd Jewell)

17

Historical development: what does the dharma provide?

provide insight into the ‘Four Noble Truths’, which teach of the way we must live to reach Nirvana

18

Historical development: what is the Eightfold Path?

a practical moral strategy that can be used to overcome cravings

19

Historical development: why need to overcome cravings?

as cravings were seen as the single greatest source of suffering and the biggest obstacle in reaching Nirvana

20

Historical development: The perfect way for the Eightfold path to be lived was ?

in the company of monks and nuns (the 3rd Jewell).