the nature and role of shared values and understanding within belief systems and ideologies and how this creates meaning, purpose and an identity for individuals and groups Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in the nature and role of shared values and understanding within belief systems and ideologies and how this creates meaning, purpose and an identity for individuals and groups Deck (28):
1

belief systems and ideologies arise from?

from environment in which people live and era/time, forming shared values

2

what do BS and ideology provide?

meaning, purpose and identity for individuals and group

3

Religious studies scholar, Huston Smith, maintains ?

that values underpin their beliefs systems and ideologies, providing people with meaning, purpose and identity

4

what does the idea of a system help do?

to order our thoughts and help make sense of the world in which we live has been common across all societies and cultures.

5

what are the basic ideas in creating a system?

to create a system by which people can pin their ideological culture and in doing so create a society and its functioning parts

6

The values of a belief system or ideology are shared amongst ?

adherents (fellow believers)

7

what does sharing of values amongst adherents produce?

produces cohesion, a sense of belonging, organisation and a personal and group identity

8

what unites ppl and give meaning to their life, and communicate a purpose for existence?

The symbols, rituals, customs, language, myths and stories of beliefs and ideologies

9

The universality of religious belief systems suggest ?

that it is not possible for a society to exist without some form of symbolic solution to the fundamental problems that confront human beings and as such is a system of values that serve a purpose in understanding the world and our purpose in it.

10

The values of a belief system or ideology are held in

the customs and rituals practiced.

11

the role of customs and rituals?

to perpetuate and communicate the idea/philosophy

12

Rituals reinforce, express, validate?

values and customs, express the belief and validate the belief system.

13

Rituals in beliefs acts as

continuities

14

Customs preserve

beliefs, traditions and teachings

15

Beliefs and ideologies use rituals and ceremonies to

communicate values and philosophy (ideas).

16

The role of the beliefs is to

to respond to human needs and create meanings from actions.

17

The role of the beliefs is to respond to human needs and create meanings from actions. E.g. the

the preservation of indigenous communities and their cultures is tightly related to their spirituality and beliefs, which requires that the earth, land and natural resources be preserved, and that harmonious relationships with other human beings of the universe be maintained

18

Rituals shared by people bring

spiritual healing and address the major rites of passage and transitions in human life consolidating identity and meaning across the groups

19

Beliefs arise from

the environment and era (time) in which people live in

20

Its these environments and time that the ---- arises

shared values

21

These values provide

provide meaning, purpose and identity for individuals and groups.

22

Our values holds

holds us and our groups together.

23

Many beliefs are a response to

the physical world in which people live in e.g. indigenous Australians turned their environment into one huge sacred place (the Lands). Animals become totem figures. Rocks, hills, beliefs that fitted their environment and provided them with meaning, purpose and identity.

24

There is always a sense of what in any beliefs?

time in any beliefs

25

e.g. of sense of time in any beliefs?

. The indigenous Australians have the perspective of a sacred time in the past (Dreamtime) when the world came into existence

26

The most common difference between beliefs and ideologies appear to be?

be around the issue of god. Religious beliefs centre on a god while ideologies are understood to be godless/or neutral about it.

27

why does buddhism go against the common difference?

Buddhism, deemed a religion, actually rejects the idea of belief in god. They consider it a religious duty to avoid belief in god as, according to these interpretations, Buddha himself that this can be a distraction from central purpose of Buddhism, which is about enlightenment of self

28

Religion is mechanism in life for

for holding people’s lives together in meaningful ways, so they know identity