Flashcards in the beliefs and values expressed and the impact on personal and collective identity Deck (27):
The 4 Noble Truths provide the answer to?
the cause of suffering and evil
what is the 1st noble truth?
‘life is dukkha’
what is 'life is dukkha'?
. life is full of pain, suffering and unhappiness (Pain of birth, sickness, old age, death)
what does the 1st noble truth represent?
the point of resignation to the facts of life
what is 2nd noble truth?
‘life is tanha’
what does the 2nd one address?
the 1st NT
life is full of seeking pleasure which explains ‘dukkha’
what does 2nd NT state life is full of?
is full of suffering from pain because people everywhere are striving for happiness that this life cannot offer.
what do ppl strive for according to 2nd NT?
for happiness in the material things in life. So, people strive to be what they cannot be, to have what they cannot have
what leads to 3rd NT?
Humanity has the power to change ‘dukkha’
what is 3rd NT?
is to overcome the first two NTs
what does 3rd Nt believe?
in a world of constant pain, we cannot expect to find pleasure. If we overcome the craving for pleasure, we will find peace
what is 4th NT?
that to overcome ‘tanha’ one must follow the Eightfold Path, which represents the practical way for people to overcome unhappiness in this life.
Eightfold Path: 1?
Right views; always think positive, think good things.
Eightfold Path: 2?
Right resolve; always intend to be good and positive
Eightfold Path: 3?
Right speech; always speak only of the good and positive, don’t lie or swear
Eightfold Path: 4?
Right conduct; always act/behave in a positive way, don’t kill, steal, booze, etc.
Eightfold Path: 5?
Right Livelihood; always work at/toward what is good and positive, don’t demean others by drug dealing, human trafficking, etc
Eightfold Path: 6?
Right efforts; always direct your energies at what is good and positive
Eightfold Path: 7?
Right mindfulness; always set your mind to the good and positive
Eightfold Path: 8?
Right connection; only contemplating/think about the good and positive, meditate through yoga to reach Nirvanna
hence, what is eightfold path?
a set of stepping stones for reaching Nirvana. One leads to the other
what does the eightfold path believe?
Think the right thoughts leads to the right intentions, and speech, conduct etc will follow
The Eightfold Path is the Buddhist’s way of
of achieving total moral self-control.
Eightfold Path aims to put what away?
That the ‘self’ – the object of selfishness and self-seeking pleasure – is put away.
what does 4 NT and Eightfold path offer?
offer meaning, purpose and identity for both the individual and the collective
impact on individual?
the help to explain what life is all about and how to respond to challenges