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Week 65: Sepsis > Bugs and Drugs Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bugs and Drugs Review Deck (21)
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1

What is the most common cause of
1. non-purulent
2. purulent
cellulitis?
What can you treat each of them with?

1. strep pyogenes (group A strep), penicillin
2. staph aureus (MSSA), cloxacillin/cefazolin/cefalexine

2

2 most common causes of acute bacterial sinusitis and how to treat it

Haemophilus influenzae
Strep pneump
Amoxicillin (if H flu has beta lactamase, use amox-clav)

3

Most common cause of CAP and 2 options to treat it

Strep pneumo
Amoxicillin or penicillin

4

How would you treat HAP from Pseudomonas?

Pip-tazo

5

How can you treat E coli?

Amox clav or pip tazo
Rarely amoxicillin
NEVER penicillin

6

How can you treat viridans group strep abcesses?

Penicillin or amoxicillin
Same as for E faecalis (but NOT E faecium)

7

How can you treat anaerobic bacteria with penicillins?

Pip tazo or amox clav

8

2 1st generation cephalosporins and what they can be used to treat

Cephalexin
Cefazolin
Cellulitis, unless caused by MRSA

9

1 example of
1. Second gen
2. Third gen
cephalosporin

1. Cefuroxime
2. Ceftriaxone

10

2 cephalosporin drugs you can use for Pseudomonas

Ceftazidine
Cefepine

11

Best cephalosporin for anaerobes

Ceftriaxone
Also for viridians group strep

12

3 carbapenems to treat ESBL

Meropenem
Imipenem
Ertapenem

13

1. 1 Carbapenem against enterococcus
2. 1 carbapenem NOT effective against Pseudomonas

1. Imipenem
2. Ertapenem

14

1 fluoroquinolone effective against GI/GU gram negatives

Ciprofloxacin

15

2 fluoroquinolones effects against strep pneumo

Levofloxacin
Moxifloxacin (only one that treats anaerobes)

16

2 fluoroquniolones for HAP due to Pseudomonas

Ciprofloxacin
Levofloxacin

17

2 macrolides effective against CAP strep pneumo

Azithromycin
Clarithromycin

18

Doxycycline is effective against what kind of infections?

MRSA
Strep pneumo and CAP causing atypical bacteria
Plasmodium
Tick borne infections

19

What kind of organisms does Clindamycin cover?

Similar to penicillin
But also MRSA

20

6 drugs that cover MRSA

Vanco
Linezolid
Daptomycin
Doxycycline
TMP-SMX
Clindamycin

21

2 drugs to treat VRE (E faecium)

Daptomycin
Linezolid