List the main materials used in the construction of buildings
Explain the elements of structure
Floor load bearing wall Columns or beams External wall Structural frame Any gallery Enclosed protected shaft
Explain the main methods of building construction
Solid construction- Traditional/masonry Framed construction- 1.Structural steel frame 2.Reinforced Concrete 3.Portal frame 4.Lightweight steel 5.Timber construction 6.Prefabricated or modular
What is Glulam ?
Type of timber fabricated by bonding two layers of wood together with adhesives
Flash point of timber
What happens to metal in fire incidents ?
Expands and impacts other areas of the structure
Allows fire spread through conduction
temperature at which Steel loses its strength
What are the issues with Aluminium in building costruction?
Low melting point
Loss of strength at (100-225 degrees)
Can set alight.
Problems with Lead rooves ?
Low melting point 327 degrees, leading to structural collapse.