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Flashcards in Burgundy - Advanced Deck (240):
1

What four departements does Burgundy span?

Yonne
Cote d'Or
Saone-et-Loire Rhone

2

Which two communes divide the Cote de Nuits and the Cote de Beaune?

Corgoloin
Ladoix-Serigny

3

What is Burgundy's largest white wine producing AOC?

Chablis

4

What communes make up the Grand Auxerrois?

Vezelay
Irancy
Tonnerre
Joigny

5

Auxerre is the capital of what departement?

Yonne

6

Where is Burgundy (latitude)?

46-48 degrees - the 47th parallel runs right through Volnay.

7

What type of climate is Burgundy considered?

Continental

8

How many sunshine hours does Burgundy average?

1,300

9

What is the average temperature in Burgundy July-August?

20 C (68 F)

This is warmer than many New World Pinot Noir and Chardonnay-growing regions; however, sunshisne and average temperatures throughout the entire season are lower, and the growing season is compressed - harvest often comes abruptly, as the fear of bad autumn weather hangs like a cloud.

10

What is Burgundy's most planted grape?

Chardonnay - 15,233 ha in 2011

11

What is Chardonnay known is in the Yonne?

"Beaunois" - From Beaune

12

What is Chardonnay a natural crossing of?

Pinot x Gouais Blanc

13

What is the second most planted grape in Burgundy?

Pinot Noir - 10,634 ha in 2011

14

What two names was Pinot Noir called before the late 14th century?

Morillon and Noirien

15

What is Gamay a crossing of?

Pinot x Gouias Blanc - a sibling of Chardonnay

16

What is Gamay's full name?

Gamay Noir a Jus Blanc

17

What is Aligote a crossing of?

Pinot x Gouais Blanc

18

What is the only Sauvignon Blanc producing region of Burgundy?

Saint-Bris AOP

19

What other varieties are permitted within Burgundy?

Pinot Blanc
Pinot Gris
Melon de Bourgogne
In the Yonne:
Cesar (red)
Tressot (red)
Sacy (white) - authorized for sparkling wines

20

What is the four-tier hierarchy of appellations?

Regionale
Village
Premier (1er) cru
Grand cru

21

About what percentage of wines comprise the Regionale designation?

50%

22

What percentage of wines comprise the Grand Cru designation?

2%

23

What wines are allowed under Bourgogne AOP?

White
Red
Rose

24

What did the Coteaux Bourguignons AOP used to be called?

Bourgogne Grand Ordinaire AOP

25

What is the distinguishing rule for Coteaux Bourguignons AOP compared to Bourgogne AOP

Coteaux Bourguignons AOP shares the same broad dimensions as Bourgogne AOP, but its regulations allow for the inclusion of Gamay in red blends. Inexpensive blended white and rose wines are also authorized for the appellation

26

Name three villages in the Yonne departement that may append their names to Bourgogne AOP.

Chitry
Vezelay
Epineuil

27

Name the four lieux-dits that were approved in the 1990s as geographic designations for Bourgogne AOP.

La Chapelle Notre Dame
Le Chapitre
Cote St-Jacques
Montrecul

28

Describe the Cote de Beaune-Villages AOP?

Wines are red
Grape material may be sourced from any village in the Cote de Beaune except for :
Pommard, Volnay, Aloxe-Corton and Beaune itself.

29

Describe the Cote de Nuits-Villages AOP?

Wines are red or (rarely) white
May be sourced from:
North - Fixin, Brochon
South - Prissey, Corgoloin, Comblanchien

30

Describe the Bourgogne Aligote AOP?

Produced solely from the white Aligote grape. Usually drank as an aperitif, or combined with creme de cassis as the classic base for a Kir cocktail.

31

Describe the Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains AOP

Red and Rose.
Pinot Noir and Gamay account for a minimum 30% and 15% of the blend, respectively, and the two grapes must be vinified together. Red Passe-Tout-Grains is far more common than rose.

32

Describe the Cremant de Bourgogne AOP

Debuted in 1975.
Hand-harvested, traditional method white and rose sparkling wines, principally produced from Chardonnay and Pinot Noir

33

Describe the Bourgogne Mousseux AOP

Older, rare appellation reserved exclusively for sparklings reds produced via the traditional method

34

What is the smallest AOP in all of France?

La Romanee - Grand Cru - 0.85 ha

35

How large is Corton?

160 ha

36

What is the name of the highway that runs through the Cote d'Or and which side of the highway are the vineyards located?

Route Nationale 74 - D974
West

37

A Burgundian term used to denote "a parcel of vines defined and named to be associated with the wines it produces." A single vineyard in Burgundy

Climat

Regulated by the INAO for use throughout Burgundy since 1935.

There are over 1,200 in Burgundy today.

38

A named single vineyard - forms one contiguous parcel within a single commune.

Lieu-dit

39

An imprecise term used both to denote quality and to indicate a delimited place; depending on the region in question the term can carry legal weight or simply evoke popular popular meaning.

Cru

40

A single contiguous holding within a vineyard, owned entirely by one grower. Often, domaines may hold several of these in the same climat.

Parcel

41

Indicates a vineyard enclosed within a stone wall.

Clos

42

What was the first appearance of a modern Grand Cru Vineyard?

650
Chambertin-Clos de Beze
Gifted by Duke Amalgaire of Burgundy to the monks of the Abbey of Beze, founded in the same year.

43

What significance was the "Clos de Cinq Journaux?"

It is the modern-day Romanee-Conti vineyard. In 1131, the Priory of Saint-Vivant de Vergy, a subordinate of Cluny located in Vosne, received numerous gifts of uplanted land in the village, including a plot which would become "Clos de Cinq Journaux"

44

When did Philip the Bold order the removal of "disloyal" Gamay in Burgundy?

1395

45

Apellation d'Origine law

1919
Formally defined appellations and eliminated the practice of coupage. (Not unlike the declarations of age for Tawny Port Today, Burgundy wines prior to the 1919 law could be labeled with a particular village or climat based on taste profile alone. This is the first formal appellation system in Burgundy.

46

When was the advent of the Comite National des Appellations d'Origine (forerunner to the INAO)?

1935

47

When was the AOC system introduced?

1935

48

What was the name of the law that Napoleon Bonaparte ended?

Primogeniture - the right of the firstborn son to inherit his family's entire estate (This accelerated vineyard fragmentation)

49

When were the ROmanee-Conti Grand Cru vines eventually uprooted and replanted?

After the 1945 vintage

50

How many ha of vines were left in Chablis after the devastation of Phylloxera and the two world wars?

Less than 500 ha in 1945. Down from 38,000 ha.

51

What is Lutte Biolgique?

Organic Viticulture

52

What was the first estate in the Cote d'Or to adopt a biodynamic approach?

Domaine Jean-Claude Rateau in 1979.

53

Name some biodynamique producers in Burgundy.

Domaine Leroy
Domaine de la Romanee-Conti
Domaine Leflaive
Vincent Dauvissat
Comtes Lafon
Comte Armand

54

What are some of the largest threats to Burgundian vines?

Powdery Mildew
Downy Mildew
Fungal diseases:
Eutypa Dieback
Esca
Dead Arm
Insects - leafhoppers and arachnids

55

What is Flavescence doree?

A disease caused by the spread of phytoplasma, specialized b acteria that are parasitic to plant material. This is the most distressing disease currently appearing in Burgundy. Leafhopper insects spread the bacteria from vine to vine; growth slows, berries shrivel, leaves yellow and the vine itself may die. There is currently no cure other than uprooting and starting over.

56

What climate dangers are associated with Burgundy?

The most significant:
Frost and Hail

57

What are the diesel-burning smudge pots that are burned at night during cold weather called?

Chaufferettes

58

What is the technique called in which water is sprayed onto vines in order to have them freeze?

Aspersion

59

What is clonal selection?

Selecting and using a certified clone

60

What is selection massale?

Propagating with cuttings from various existing vines in the vineyard

61

What was the name of the first identified Pinot Noir clone that produced high and consistent yields in Gevrey-Chambertin?

Pinot Liebault - 1810

62

What were the two broad Pinot Noir field selections that emerged?

Pinot Droit - a high-yielding, upright-growing vine

Pinot Fin - a lower-yielding one that delivers more concentrated juice

63

Where and when is the first Dijon clone from?

Appeared in Burgundy in 1971. Originated from cuttings a decade earlier in Domaine Ponsot's Clos de la Roche Grand Cru parcel

64

What was the first name for the Dijon Clone?

Bernard clone - named after the creator, Raymond Bernard - selected primarily for resistance to disease and secondarily for their tendency to form smaller bunches and berries

65

Who was the leader in domaine bottling interest?

Henri Jayer in the early 1980s

66

Who came up with the idea of Cold Maceration for Red Winemaking?

Henri Jayer and taken to extremes by Guy Accad in the 1990s

67

What is Cold Maceration?

Red grapes are crushed and kept on their skins at cool temperatures (10-14C) for days - sometimes a week or more- which, alongside prudent sulfer dioxide additions, stops the onset of fermentation. Advocates suggest that the aqueous solution provides a good environment for:
Extracting color
Produces less astringent tannins
Enhances the development of fruit aromatics in wine.

68

What is carbonic maceration and where is it common in Burgundy?

A winemaker will seal whole clusters or whole berries of red grapes in a closed vat and pump in carbon dioxide. In the absence of oxygen, intact whole berries undergo a short intracellular fermentation, metabolizing individual stores of glucose and malic acid to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide without the aid of yeast. During carbonic maceration, tannins and anthocyanins move from the skins to the flesh of each grape, giving the juice color.

69

What is semi-carbonic maceration?

More common, and it is actually the more traditional technique in Beaujolais. Here, carbon dioxide is not added to the fermentation vat but produced naturally. Whole clusters at the bottom of the tank crush under the weight of those above and begin fermenting normally. As the carbon dioxide released by standard fermentation blankets the whole berries above, they begin to ferment internally.

70

What are two famous estates in Burgundy that are proponents of whole cluster ferementation?

Domaine Dujac
Domaine de la Romanee Conti

71

What are the benefits of whole cluster fermentation?

More aeration and cooler temperatures during fermentation, lighter color, slight carbonic notes and firmer tannins in the final wine.

72

What is chaptalization?

The addition of white (beet) sugar to increase alcohol content in a fermenting wine - common enrichment practice in Burgundy.

73

Who advocated Chaptalization?

Antoine Chapal in 1801

74

What is subtractive must enrichment?

Illegal prior to 2009, allows the producer to remove water from the must to concentrate the remainder by a maximum factor of 10%

75

What is the typical oak regiment for the 4 different quality level AOPs in Burgundy?

Bourgogne = 0-10%
Village = 0-25%
Premier Cru = 25-50%
Grand Cru = 50-100%

76

What is the name of the favored cooperage in Burgundy?

Francois Freres

77

What is the the traditional oak barrel size in Burgundy?

228-liter piece

78

What are the three controlled appellations of Chablis?

Petit Chablis AOP
Chablis AOP
Chablis Grand Cru AOP`

79

When were the Chablis AOC laws established?

1938

80

What were the Chablis AOC restrictions in terms of geography?

Restricted to viticultural zones wherein soils overlay Kimmeridgian marl..

81

What does Kimmeridgian refer to?

An age in the Upper Jurassic Epoch - occurring roughly 150-157 million years ago

82

What is Portlandian limestone and where is it found?

A harder cap rock with less clay content. Found on the ridges and plateaus surrounding the Serein River Valley. It lacks the multitudes of fossilized seashells that characterize Kimmeridgian marl, and it is younger. They are sandier and thinner than Kimmeridgian soils.

83

When was the Petit Chablis AOP established and where are its boundaries?

1944. Porlandian limestone-derived soils - often higher, colder, and wind-exposed areas.

84

About how many ha are planted to Chablis Grand Crus?

100 ha

85

Where are the Grand Crus of Chablis located?

A two-kilometer stretch of hillsides just north of town, facing south and southwest in an arc alongside the Serein River

86

What are the seven geographical designations within the Chablis Grand Cru AOP?

Blanchot
Les Clos
Valmur
Les Grenouilles
Vaudesir
Preuses
Bougrous
La Moutonne (unofficial 8th permitted on labels)

87

Who owns the monopole of La Moutonne?

Domaine Long-Depaquit

88

What does La Moutonne overlap?

Vaudesir
Preuses

89

Petit Chablis AOP Regulations

Departement: Yonne
Styles and Encepagement: 100% Chardonnay
Minimum Potential Alcohol: 9.5%
Primary Soil Type: Portlandian limestone
AOC established: 1944

90

Chablis AOP Regulations

Departement: Yonne
Styles and Encepagement: Blanc -100% Chardonnay
Blanc "Premier Cru"
Minimum Potential Alcohol: 10%
Chablis "Premier Cru": 10.5%
Primary Soil Type: Kimmeridgian marl
AOC established: 1938 (last updated 2011)

91

Chablis Grand Cru AOP Regulations

Departement: Yonne
Styles and Encepagement: 100% Chardonnay
Minimum Potential Alcohol: 11%
Principal Soils: Kimmeridgian marl
AOC established: 1938 (last updated 2011)

92

What are the great right bank premier crus of Chablis?

Berdiot
Cote de Vaudbarousse
Fourchaume
Les Fourneaux
Mont de Milieu
Montee de Tonnerre
Vaucoupin

93

What are the great left bank premier crus of Chablis?

Beauroy
Chaume de Talvat
Cote de Lechet
Cote de Jouan
Les Beauregards
Montmains
Vau de Vey
Vaillons
Vosgros
Vau Ligneau

94

Name 3 producers that produce on Montee de Tonnerre

Raveneau
Patrick Piuze
Billaud-Simon
William Fevre

95

What is the considered the classic Chablis style?

Steely wines, with elevated acidity, leesy character, austere lemon and orchard fruit aromas, subtle oxidation and medium weight. Frequently - and traditionally - vignerons allow full malolactic fermentation to soften Chablis' acidic edges, but it occurs in tank or used barrels rather than new oak.

96

Name some of the top producers of Chablis

Francois Raveneau
Vincent Dauvissat
Christian Moreau
William Fevre
Jean-Paul & Benoit Droin
Louis Michel
Jean Collet
Faiveley's Billaud-Simon
Laurent Tribut
Gilbert Picq
Patrick Piuze

97

What is the soil type of the Cote d'Or?

Limestone forged during the Jurassic period is the foundation, typically mixed with clay

98

Agrillaceous limestone

Limestone content is higher than clay

99

Calcareous clay

Also called marl. Higher clay content than limestone

100

What grade of incline do the grand crus lie on in the Cote d'Or?

10% or less - such a mild incline has a tremendously positive impact: soils are slightly deeper and more nutrient-rich than those found on the higher slopes, yet the vineyards remain well-drained

101

What are combes?

Dry, transverse valleys, carved during the last ice age by melt-water and erosion, which today serve as conduits for both cool breezes and hailstorms.

102

What direction do the vineyards face in the Cote de Nuits?

Due east

103

What direction do the vineyards face in the Cote de Beaune

Southeast

104

What is the newest of the Cote de Nuits appellations?

Marsannay - 1987
Red, White and Rose

105

What three communes does Marsannay span?

Chenove
Marsannay-La-Cote
Couchey

106

What is the only village appellation in the Cote de Nuits to allow producers to make white, red and rose?

Marsannay

107

What is the top estate in Marsannay?

Domaine Bruno Clair

108

What is the top premier cru in the Fixin AOP?

Domaine de la Perriere (monopole climat)

109

What is the Fixin style for red wines?

Similar to Gevrey-Chambertin - burly, earthy, tannic in youth

110

List the Cote de Nunits villages from North to South

Marsannay
Fixin
Gevrey-Chambertin
Morey-St-Denis
Chambolle-Musigny
Vougeout
Vosne-Romanee
Nuits-St-Georges

111

List the Grand Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin

Chambertin
Chambertin-Clos-de-Beze
Chapelle-Chambertin
Charmes-Chambertin
Griotte-Chambertin
Latricieres-Chambertin
Mazis-Chambertin
Mazoyeres-Chambertin
Ruchottes-Chambertin

112

What is the largest appellation in the Cote d'Or?

Gevrey-Chambertin
Over 400 ha of vines

113

What type of wine is made in Gevrey-Chambertin?

Reds only

114

What is Burgundy's oldest climat?

Chambertin-Clos-de-Beze

115

What are the top Grand Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin?

North to South

Mazis-Chambertin
Ruchottes-Chambertin
Chambertin-Clos-de-Beze
Chambertin
Latricieres-Chambertin

116

What are some of the distinguishing factors of the top Grand Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin?

All share the same east-southeast exposure
Rocky marl soils tinted red by iron oxide
275-300 meters elevation

117

What are the considered to be the top two Grand Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin?

Chambertin
Chambertin-Clos-de-Beze

118

What is the biggest criticism of Mazoyeres and Charmes?

Size - like Clos de Vougeout - they have over 30 ha of vines when considered collectively

119

What is the name of the valley that Gevrey-Chambertin lies within?

Combe de Lavaux

120

What are the two most important premier crus in Gevrey-Chambertin?

Clos Saint-Jacques
Les Cazetiers

121

What is the only premier cru in Burgundy surrounded on all four sides by grand crus?

Aux Combottes - Gevrey-Chambertin

122

Why was Aux Combottes presumably excluded from the Grand Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin?

None of the vineyards owners in the 1930s were actually from Gevrey-Chambertin

123

What is the style of reds from Gevrey-Chambertin?

Models of solidity, power and structure of Pinot Noir, may be tannic and austere in youth. Deep color and concentration. Some of the most age-worthy examples of Pinot Noir.

124

What are some of the top domaines of Gevrey-Chambertin?

Armand Rousseau
Fourrier
Claud Dugat
Denis Bachelet
Denis Mortet
Joseph Roty
Pierre Damoy
Domaine Dujac?

125

Who are some of the producers bringing Morey-St-Denis back into the spot light?

Domaine Dujac
Ponsot
Perrot-Minot
Guy Castagnier
Hubert Lignier
Clos de Tart

126

What are the Grand Crus of Morey-St-Denis?

Clos de la Roche
Clos Saint-Denis
Clos de Tart
Clos de Lambrays
Bonnes Mares (shared with Chambolle Musigny)

127

Who is the owner of Clos de Tart?

The Mommessin family

128

Who is the (primary) owner of Clos de Lambrays?

Domaine des Lambrays, a brand of the luxury goods conglomerate LVMH - controls 8.7 of 8.8 ha

129

What wines are allowed to be produced in Morey-Saint-Denis?

Red and white, though white makes up less than 10% of total production

130

What is Monts Luisants blanc?

Premier cru in Morey-Saint-Denis
Allows Aligote
Ponsot is the only current estate doing so

131

Where is Chambolle-Musigny located?

Within the Come de Chambouef

132

What is the makeup of soil in Chambolle-Musigny?

High active limestone component and lower percentages of clay, triggering mild chlorosis in the vines - one cause, tasters suggest, for the silky, ethereal, light-colored style of red wines

133

How are Chambolle-Musigny wines described?

Elegant and "feminine" counterparts to the sturdy, "masculine" wines produced further north.

134

What are the Grand Crus of Chambolle-Musigny?

Musigny
the lion's share - 90% - of Bonnes Mares

135

How are the wines of Bonnes Mares described?

Muscular and tannic, unlike traditional Chambolle wines.

136

What are the three lieux-dits of Musigny?

Le Musigny
Les Petits Musigny
La Combe d'Orveaux

137

How are the wines of Musigny described?

Fragrant, floral and silky. Archetype of elegance for Pinot Noir

138

What is the only appellation within the Cote de Nuits to allow white wine production?

The Grand Cru of Musigny

139

Who owns 3/4 of the entire vineyard of Musigny, including their only parcel of Chardonnay?

Domaine Comte Georges de Vogue - whites simply labeled Bourgogne blanc while the vine's, replanted in the early 1990s, mature

140

What is Chambolle-Musigny's best premier cru?

Les Amoureuses - directly down-slope from Musigny, adjacent to the commune of Vougeout

141

Name a few top climats in Chambolle-Musigny

Les Fuées
Les Véroilles
Les Cras

142

Name the top domaines in Chambolle-Musigny

De Vogue
Georges Roumier
Ghislaine Barthod
Jacques-Frederic Mugnier

143

Who acquired the castle of Clos de Vougeot after WWII?

The Confrerie des Chevaliers du Tastevin - A Burgundian wine brotherhood and promotional organization founded in 1934. It is now used for charity and major events such as the Grands Jours de Bourgogne.

144

What is the largest Grand Cru in the Cote de Nuits?

Clos de Vougeot - 50 ha
82 owners produce 4x as much wine as the Vougeot AOP
Numerous variations in soil
Almost flat grade

145

What are some of the great domaines of Vosne-Romanee?

Domaine de la Romanee-Conti
Domaine Leroy
Comte Liger-Belair
Sylvain Cathiard
Meo-Camuzet

146

What are the four Grand Crus that are also monopoles in Vosne-Romanee?

La Grand Rue - Francois Lamarche
La Romanee - Comte Liger-Belair
La Tache - Domaine de la Romanee-Conti
Romanee-Conti - Domaine de la Romanee-Conti

147

What was the last grand cru in Burgundy to be replanted after phylloxera?

Romanee-Conti
1946

148

What are the Grand Crus of Vosne-Romanee?

La Grand Rue
Richebourg
La Romanee
Romanee-Conti
Romanee-Saint-Vivant
La Tache

149

What are the Grand Crus of Flagey-Echezeaux?

Echezeaux
Grands-Echezeaux

150

What critique does Echezeaux suffer?

The same as Clos de Vougeot - too many producers, too variable in quality, no cohesive theme of terroir

151

What are the top premier crus of Vosne-Romanee?

Les Suchots
Les Beaux Monts
Les Petits Monts
Aux Malconsorts
Cros Parantoux (made famous by Henri Jayer)

152

Who owns the monopole of Clos de Reas?

Michel Gros - this is the only premier cru that does not abut a Grand Cru in Vosne-Romanee

153

What are the two major charitable hospitals in the Cote d'Or

Hospices de Nuits-Saint-Georges
Hospices de Beaune

154

What wines are produced in Nuits-Saint-George?

Red and white, though white very little

155

What are the two Nuits-Saint-George red styles?

North - wines carry fruit and finesse akin to those produced in Vosne-Romanee

South - tannic, sturdier and more rugged

156

What are some of the top northern premier crus of Nuits-Saint-Georges?

Aux Boudots
Aux Argillas

157

What are some of the top "south of Nuits" premier crus of Nuits-Saint-Georges?

Les Saint-Georges
Les Cailles
Les Vaucrains
(Some of the appellations best wines come from these, leading with Les Saint-Georges)

158

What are some of the best premier crus of Premeaux-Prissey of Nuits-Saint-Georges?

Clos de la Marechale - monopole to Jacques-Frederic Mugnier
Clos Arlot - may be one of the steepest, grades approaching 50%

159

What is the only premier cru in the entire Cote d'Or located east of the D974 - the "wrong side" of the highway?

Monopole
Domaine du Comte Liger Belair - Clos des Grandes vignes

160

What is the flagship estate of Nuits-Saint-Georges?

Domaine Henri Gouges

161

Who may be responsible for Nuits-Saint-George not having any grand crus?

Henri Gouges - he was too closely involved in the demarcation process in the 1930s and felt it inappropriate to nominate his own village's vineyards

162

Name some dominant estates located within Nuits-Saint-Georges?

Joseph Faiveley
Robert Chevillon
Jean-Jacques Confuron
Michele & Patrice Rion
Regis Forey
Domaine l'Arlot

163

Who is the most important man in the Nuits-Saint-Georges wine industry?

Jean-Claude Boisset
Created a portfolio of Burgundy estates and negociants under his family's umbrella of brands, and created Burgundy's largest wine empire

164

How many ha of vines are under the Corton Grand Cru AOP?

160 ha

165

What is the only red-wine producing Grand Cru in the Cote de Beaune?

Corton Grand Cru AOP

166

What is the single largest Grand Cru appellation in all of Burgundy?

Corton Grand Cru AOP

167

What 3 communes encircle the southern part of the Corton hill and each contain part of the Grand Cru AOP?

Ladoix-Serrigny
Aloxe-Corton (75% of the entire appellation - 120 ha)
Pernand-Vergelesses

168

What is the name of the climatize within Aloxe-Corton (10.75 ha) that is considered to be worthy of Grand Cru status?

Les Clos du Roi

169

What are the two vineyards neighboring Le Los du Roi that are also of high acclaim within Aloxe-Corton?

Les Bressandes
Les Renardes

170

What two grand crus can Ladoix claim?

Corton
Corton-Charlemagne

171

What are the five premier crus located within Ladoix-Serrigny adjacent to Corton AOP and typically listed under Aloxe-Corton?

La Coutiere
La Marechaude
La Toppe au Vert
Les Moutottes
Les Petites Lolieres

172

What are the two sectors of Pernand-Vergelesses?

Bois de Noel hillside
Fretille hill - Sous Fretille, Clos Berthet and Village de Pernand - may by law only produce white wine

173

Where are the best Pernand white wines found?

Fretille hillside - tighter, fresher, and flintier than those produced in neighboring Corton-Charlemagne

174

What are some of the top domaines of Pernand-Vergelesses?

Rollin
Dubreuil-Fontaine
Pierre Marey
Rapet
Bonneau du Martray

175

What is the only domaine in Burgundy that produces exclusively Grand Cru wines from 11 ha on the Corton Hill?

Bonneau du Martray

176

What wines may be produced in Aloxe-Corton?

Red and White

177

Name the most well-known producer in Aloxe-Corton?

Louis Latour

178

Name the largest landowner in both Corton and Corton-Charlemagne?

Louis Latour

179

What are the top premier crus in Savigny-Les-Beaune?

Aux Serpentieres
Les Vergelesses

180

Name the top producers of Savigny-Les-Beaune

Chandon de Briailles
Simon Bize

181

What wines are permitted within Chorey-Les-Beaune?

Red and White

182

Name the top producers within Chorey-Les-Beaune

Domaine Tollot-Beaut
Domaine Germain

183

Which AOP in the Cote de Beaune has the most land under vine?

Beaune

184

What are considered to be the three best premier crus within Beaune and where are they located?

Les Bressandes
Les Greves
Les Teurons

Mid-slope of the Montagne de Beaunee

185

What is Bouchard's monopole in Beaune and where is the fruit sourced from?

Vigne l'Enfant Jesus produced from a Les Greves lieux-dit

186

What is the style of Pommard wines?

Red only.
Denser, gutsier, more tannic style of Pinot noir than most communes in the Cote de Beaune. May see more new oak than other reds.

187

What body of water is Pommard linked to?

The Dheune stream

188

Who are great producers of Pommard?

Comte Armand
Domaine de Courcel

189

What is the outstanding monopole of Pommard>

Comte Armand's 5.2 ha Clos des Epeneaux

190

What are the great premier crus of Pommard?

Les Grands Epenots
Les Petits Epenots
Clos de Epeneaux

191

What is considered to be the most exceptional vineyard in Pommard?

Les Rugiens Hauts

192

What are the four appellations in the Cote de Beaune that allow red wine only?

Pommard
Volnay
...
...

193

What is the biggest difference between Pommard and Volnay in terms of style?

Pommard - Masculine, power

Volnay - Feminine counterpart - elegance over power

194

What are some of the top domaines in Volnay, including the producer that pioneered domaine bottling in the area?

Marquis d'Angerville (domaine bottling)
Hubert de Montille
Michel Lafarge
Henri Boillot
Domaine de la Pousse d'Or

195

What are Volnay's top premier crus?

Les Caillerets
Champans
Clos de Chenes
Taillepieds

196

What body of water is Monthelie near?

Ruisseau des Clous - a small stream

197

What are the top premier crus in Monthelie?

Les Champs Fuillots
Sur la Velle

They border Volnay's Los de Chenes

198

What are the top premier crus of Auxey-Duresses?

Climat du Val
Clos du Val (within the climat)

199

What wines are produced in Auxey-Duresses?

Red and White

200

What are the top producers of Auxey-Duresses?

Moulin aux Moines
Prunier-Damy
Masion Leroy (the most famous)

201

What is the classic Meursault style?

Rich - almost fat - on the palate, with a nutty, buttery, honeyed spectrum of flavors and a softer acidity than exhibited in Puligny-Montrachet

202

Where are Burgundy's largest negociants located and who are they?

Beaune

Maisons Louis Jadot
Bouchard Pere & Fils
Patriarche Pere & Fils
Chanson
Joseph Drouhin

203

What is the most important climat in Meursault?

Perrieres

204

What type of wines are permitted within Pommard?

Red only

205

What is the style of Pommard wines?

Fuller-bodied, weightier, sturdier wines from iron-rich clay in the lower slopes.

206

What are the great domaines of Pommard?

Comte Armand
Domaine de Courcel

207

What are the best premier crus of Pommard?

Les Grand Epenots
Les Petits Epenots
Clos de Epeneaux (divided between the two, Comte Armand's 5.2 ha monopole)

208

How much do the premier crus of Meursault account for the total land under vine within the appellation?

25%

Premier crus are significant in this regard - restricted to best sites in absence of any grand crus designations, unlike Beaune and St-Aubin

209

Which site in Pommard is waiting to be elevated to Grand Cru? (Unlikely to happen)

Les Rugiens

210

What style of wine is permitted within Volnay?

Red only

211

What is the newest among Meursaults vineyards, cleared and planted in the late 1990s?

Chaumes de Narvaux

212

What are some of the top domaines of Volnay?

Marquis d'Angerville
Hubert de Montille
Michel Lafarge
Henri Boillot
Domaine de la Pousse d'Or

213

What are Volnay's top premier crus?

Les Cillerets
Champans
Clos des Chenes
Taillepieds

214

What may be labeled Volnay 1er Cru Santenots?

If the wine is red:
Les Santenots du Milieu
Les Santenots Blancs
Les Plures
Les Santenots Dessous

215

Where is Monthelie located and what stream of water is it associated with?

Auxey Valley
Ruisseau des Clous stream
Hillside vineyard exposure shifts from east-southeast to due south

216

What are the top sites of Monthelie?

Les Champs Fuillots
Sur la Velle

They border Volnay's Clos de Chenes

217

What styles of wine are permitted within Monthelie?

Red and White (small amounts)

218

What body of water flows through Auxey-Duresses?

Ruisseau des Cloux

219

What direction does Montrachet Grand Crus face?

Southeast

220

What are the top domaines of Auxey-Duresses?

Moulin aux Moines
Prunier-Damy
Maison Leroy, the negociant arm of Domaine Leroy

221

What are the top producers in Meursault?

Coche-Dury
Guy Roulot
Comtes Lafon
Patrick Javillier
Jacques Prieur
Pierre Morey

222

What is the most important climat in Meursault?

Perrieres

223

Who owns the monopole of Clos des Perrieres

Albert Grivault

Seeking grand cru status

224

What other two premier crus does Clos des Perrieres adjoin?

Les Charmes
Les Genevrieres

225

What are the two outlier designations for Meursault 1er Cru AOP that sit above Les Perrieres? (White and Red)

Red - Blagny 1er Cru
White - Meursault 1er Cru

226

What are the three premier crus of Meursault on the border with Volnay?

Les Santenots du Milieu
Les Santenots Blancs
Les Plures

Labeled Volnay 1er Cru if red
Meursault 1er Cru if white

227

How much do the premier crus of Meursault account for the total land under vine within the appellation?

25%

Premier crus are significant in this regard - restricted to best sites in absence of any grand crus designations

228

What is Comtes Lafon's Lieu-Dit monopole in Meursault?

Clos de la Barre - it's actually the backyard of the estate.

229

What are some of the top vineyards that Comte Lafon are closely located to?

Clos de la Barre - their monopole and backyard of the estate
Le Tesson
Les Tillets
Les Narvaux
Chaumes de Narvaux

230

What is the newest among Meursaults vineyards, cleared and planted in the late 1990s?

Chaumes de Narvaux

231

What, if anything at all, is the significance of the Blagny AOP?

Red wines are very rare
Tiny, diminishing appellation.

232

What are the defining characteristics of the wines of Puligny-Montrachet?

"Tightly wound and tense, yet long-lived - less round than Meursault, but more praise, as though chiseled from stone"

233

What are the grand crus of Puligny-Montrachet?

Batard-Montrachet
Bienvenues-Batard-Montrachet
Chevalier Montrachet
Montrachet

234

What are the grand crus of Meursault?

There aren't any you clown.

235

How many ha of Chardonnay does Puligny-Montrachet have under vine?

4 ha

236

What two appellations are the Montrachet grand cru and Batard-Batard-Montrachet shared between?

Puligny-Montrachet
Chassagne-Montrachet

237

How many ha does Montrachet Grand Crus have under vine? How many producers?

8 ha in total
16 producers

238

What direction does Montrachet Grand Crus face?

Southeast

239

What are the top premier crus of Puligny-Montrachet?

Le Cailleret
Les Demoiselles
Les Pucelles

240

Which premier crus of Puligny-Montrachet was so outstanding that small parcels of it were added to the Chevalier-Montrachet Grand Cru in 1939 an 1974?

Le Cailleret