Flashcards in Buzz Words/Challenge bowl Deck (189):
what is the only artery in the blood that carries deoxygenated blood?
which Ab appears in serum early in the course of infection?
What is the name for an acute polyneuropathy that is associated with an ascended paralysis, and may be triggered by infection?
Guillain-Barre Syndrome (absent deep tendon reflexes)
What is trousseau's sign? and what is it associated with?
tapping of the inferior portion of the zygoma will produce facial spasms. Hypocalcemia
What is chvostek's sign? and what is it associated with?
eliciting carpal spasm by inflating the blood pressure cuff and maintaining the cuff pressure above systolic. hypocalcemia
What should you advise your patients taking taking metronidazole not to do?
Don't drink alcohol
The most common heart valve involved in bacterial endocarditis in the general population?
Thumb print sign, drooling, leaning forward
Best treatment for gonorrhea?
250mg IM cefttriaxone
What is the most sensitive physical exam technique for for diagnosing ACL tear?
What is the R in MANTRELS scoring system? What do the rest of the letters stand for?
Migration to the right iliac fossa, Anorexia, Nausea/Vomiting, Tenderness in the right iliac fossa, Rebound pain, Elevated temperature (fever), Leukocytosis, and Shift of leukocytes to the left
A pt with dermatomyositis may present with what distinctive rash?
what is the most abundant protein in the human body?
The most likely organism to cause an infection after a cat bite is?
The most likely organism to cause cat scratch disease?
Grey Turner's sign
ecchymosis of the flanks. acute pancreatitis
sister Mary nodule
The most common pharmacologic Tx for reynaud's disease is?
Pregnant women should be test for group B strep during which week of gestation?
The most commonly diagnosed type of skin cancer?
Basal cell carcinoma
Child with colic abdominal pain and red currant jelly stool
What is the most common type of thyroid cancer?
epidural hematomas usually are caused by injuries to which vessels?
middle meningeal artery
Hypernatremia may result when patients with this disorder have limited access to water?
What is the most common type of testicular cancer?
The condition in which the placenta completely or partially cover the cervical os is?
The center criteria are used to determine the likelihood of Strep pharyngitis. What are the four components?
FLAP = fever, lack of cough, pharyngeal exudates, anterior lymphadenopathy
A pt with RUQ pain and hx of recent STI may have what particular syndrome?
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis (liver capsule infection secondary to PID)
jaundice, fever, RUQ pain
jaundice, fever, RUQ pain, hypotension and confusion
A patient experiencing a lateral wall MI may have STelevation in which leads?
I, aVL, V5, V6
guttate psoriasis is closely associated with which type of infection?
ptosis, miosis, and anhydrosis
which cranial nerve controls the lateral rectus muscle?
Name the risk stratification system used to determine the anticoagulation goals for pts with A fib.
An austin flint murmor is the mid diastolic heart murmur heard at the apex of the heart in patients with this valvular abnormality.
The anti-rhythmic medication, amiodarone, can increase the risk of what endocrine disorder?
Arthritis, conjunctivitis and urethritis
Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis)
Narcissistic, antisocial, borderline and histrionic are all grouped together as?
personality disorders. particularly cluster B
non-caseating granulomas in the lungs, name the systemic disease.
The interruption of the cardiac conduction cycle is characterized by progressive lengthening of the PR interval until an atrial beat is blocked
Tetralogy of fallot
Right ventricular hypertrophy, VSD, overriding aorta and pulmonic stenosis
CREST syndrome stands for.
calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotilitiy, sclerodactyl, telangiectasia
Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets
Aganglionic large intestines
Tram track appearance on Xray
hypercoagubility, hemodynamic changes, endothelial dysfunction
positive bifringence, rhomboid
pseudogout, calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals
what test do you do for sjogrens disease?
Four muscles of rotator cuff
SITS = supraspinatus, infraspinatur, teres minor and subscapularis
positive finkelsteins test?
de quervain's tenosynoovitis
sweat chloride test more than 60
currant jelly sputum
rust colored sputum
parenchymal bullous, subpleural blebs
most common cause of croup?
What does CURB65 assess?
risk for mortality in community acquired pneumonia
What are the components of CURB65?
confusion, Urea more than 7 mmol/L, RR more than 30, BP sys less than 90, Diastolic less than 60, age over 65. More than 2 admit. more than 4 possible ICU
If you come across a question where the patient has erythema nodosum AND enlarged parotid glands, what diagnosis should you be thinking?
bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy and elevated ACE
What is Beck's triad and where does it appear?
1. hypotension, 2. JVD, 3 distant muffled heart sounds. Seen in pericardial tamponade
List the dermatologic signs of endocarditis
janeway lesions, roth spots, splinter hemorrhages, osier nodes
a paradoxical rise in jugular venous pressure (JVP) on inspiration. It can be seen in some forms of heart disease and is usually indicative of limited right ventricular filling due to right heart failure.
S3, bibasilar rales/crackles, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
cause endocarditis - (Haemophilus aphrophilus; Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans; Cardiobacterium hominis; Eikenella corrodens; and Kingella kingae
cherry red macula
central retinal artery occlusion
hot potato voice
tear drop pupil
"blood and thunder" appearance
central retinal vein occlusion
curtain coming down
red steamy cornea
acute angle closure glaucoma
dry type macular degeneration
HSV associated with bell's palsy in the ear
A patient describes his vision loss as a curtain coming down and then going back up. What might the diagnosis be?
Bowel disease associated with anterior uveitis and aphthous ulcers
Assesses the prognosis of liver disease, typically cirrhosis using five criteria - 1. Total bilirubin, 2. Serum albumin, 3. PT INR, 4. Ascites, 5. Hepatic encephalopathy
what child-pugh numbers are associated with the worst one year survival (45%) and two year survival (35%)?
fever, abdominal pain, jaundice, confusion and hypotension
risk factors for cholelithiasis?
5 Fs - fat fair fertile forty female
assess mobility of acute pancreatitis
rice water stool
blood and mucous/pus diarrhea
primary biliary cirrhosis
AMA (anti mitochondrial antibodies)
A skin lesion on the tip of the nose precedes the development of ophthalmic herpes zoster.
adrenal failure due to bleeding into adrenal caused by severe bacterial infection (typically Neiserria meningitidis)
MCC of septic arthritis in sexually active
pontiac disease is cause by what organism?
red blood cell casts
white blood cell casts
nephrotic vs nephritic
Nephrotic → protein loss. Nephritic → Blood
acute proliferative glomerulonephritis
spike and dome
Snowstorm pattern on US, Grape Like vesicles on US
glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
Interstitial keratitis, Hutchinson’s incisors and 8th nerve deafness
6 "Ps" associated with compartment syndrome
1. Pain out of proportion
3 D’s of epiglottis
drooling, dysphagia and distress
Contralateral hemiparesis, worse in face and arm, than leg
Aphasia/apraxia if dominant hemisphere, or sensory issues if non-dominant affected
Middle cerebral artery - Most common site affected
Majority of frontal lobe function; poor judgment, personality, altered MS, contralateral extremity weakness (usually legs), urinary incontinence, grasp reflex; FRONTAL LOBE SIGNS
anterior cerebral artery
Contralateral homonymous hemianopsia (VF CUT)
Unilateral cortical blindness
Unilateral 3rd CN palsy
posterior cerebral artery
Unilateral or bilateral CN deficits
Coma, death, resp insufficiency
Which vessel causes Amaurosis fugax
Absence of cortical defects plus: isolated hemiparesis, dystonia, dysarthria, unilateral sensory defects, unilateral Parkinsonian signs
3 key areas used in cincinnati per-hospital stroke scale?
facial droop, arm drift and speech
nuchal rigidity, photophobia and headache.
motor impairment in the left side of the body and a right-sided primary injury evokes motor impairment in the right side of the body
produces pain when the arm is adducted across the chest with the thumb pointed inferiorly, but no pain with the thumb pointed superiorly -- points to SLAP tear (If pain with both movements suspect an AC joint injury)
What test is used in evaluation of bursitis or biceps tendinopathy?
What test is used to determine anterior instability of the shoulder?
Apprehension test. though sometimes dislocation may lead to a SLAP injury, the O'Brien's test is more specific for SLAP injuries than the Apprehension test
What test is used in evaluation of biccipital tendonitis, and is pain in the biccipital groove with resisted supination?
What test is used to increase suspicion for carpal tunnel syndrome, and is a reproduction of symptoms after having the patient hold one or both wrists in the fully flexed position for 30-60 seconds?
What test involves the administration of a cholinesterase inhibitor, thus prolonging the life of Ach at the junction. The diagnosis is confirmed if the patient shows marked clinical improvement following administration of this compound
Tensilon test for Myesthenia gravis
What is the most common leading cause of drug related deaths in the United States?
Opioid analgesics (75.2%), benzodiazepines (29.4%), antidepressants (17.6%), antiepileptic & antiparkinsonism drugs (7.8%).
bronchiectasis, sinusitis, and polyps
Prediction Rule for Pulmonary Embolism (PE)
acute pain in the tip of the shoulder due to the presence of blood or other irritants in the peritoneal cavity when a person is lying down and the legs are elevated. Kehr's sign in the left shoulder is considered a classical symptom of a ruptured spleen.
cyanotic congenital heart disease
5 Ts and H
Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF)
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
Transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA)
Truncus arteriosus (Persistent)
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)
Which of the following muscles contribute to form the pes anserinus tendon?
exclamation point hairs
pleural fluid analysis suggestive of an exudative effusion?
Fluid/serum protein ratio > 0.5, and LDH ratio > 0.6
Horner's Syndrome is commonly associated with what?
small cell lung cancer
what is the most common subtype of ovarian cancer?
What is the most common lab result consistent for anorexia nervosa?
Nearly all patients with anorexia nervosa show decreased levels of T3, LH, and FSH. Other lab abnormalities that can occur include elevated levels of growth hormone, plasma cortisol, transaminases (12%), and serum cholesterol (50%). Leukopenia may also be present, especially if severe.
What can mimic mania?
2. Cushing’s disease
5. Multiple Sclerosis
6. Brain Tumors
What is the definitive treatment for subconjunctival hemorrhage?
The most common virus associated with the common cold is?
The average lifespan of RBC?
Which antibody is produced first after infection?
What should a pt taking metronidazole be advised?
Do not drink alcohol
The most commonly dx type of skin cancer is?
A pt with a positive chovsteks sign could be afflicted with?
The most common cause of conjunctivitis is?
Surgery can be curative for which inflammatory bowel disease?
An acute non-infectious granulomatous inflammation of the mebobium gland is called?
Hypertension associated with weightloss, sweating, tachycardia and hypotension suggests what dx?
Pts presenting with post-menopausal bleeding must be assessed for what?
This endocrine disorder is associate with anovulation and hursuitism?
A thumb sign on x ray?
In pts with acute narcotic overdose, tx?
This is sometimes inserted into the inferior vena cava for prophylaxis against embolism?
The condition where the placenta partially covers the os?
What type of rash of lupus?
What is the name of the enlarged supraclavicular lymph node caused by metastatic carcinoma of the stomach?
Hemotympanum on PE should raise your suspicion of?
Basilar skull fracture
Guttate psoriasis is closely associated with which type of infection?
In a pt who has overdosed on Tylenol, the appropriate loading dose?
150 mg/kg N-acetylcystine (mucomyst)
Which nerves innervate the diaphragm?
A positive homens sign?
What was the first organ to be successfully transplanted in 1950?
Over what age does the CDC received the herpes zoster vaccine?
Name 3 of the bones that make up the auditory ausicles?
Incus, maleus, stapes
What is the most common type of testilucar cancer?
What sign makes up horners syndrome?
Pitosis, miosis, and anhydrosis
Hypertensive urgency is considered with a BP exceeds 220 systollic or 125 diastolic. What else is needed for the dx of HTN emergency?
An Austin flint murmur is the mid-diastolic murmur heard at the apex of the heart with this valvular abnormality?
Deletion of all four alpha globin genes in this hereditary disorder results in hydrops fetalis ?
This comc=lplication can result in hospitalized pts receiving anticoagulant and results in decreased platelet count?
Heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)
The premature separation of a normally ?
What is the most common type of breast cancer?
Charcots triad includes?
RUQ pain, fever, jaundice
external hemorrhoids and internal hemmoroids are distinguished by?
T/F activated charcoal is effective in the overdosing of Iron?
The L in Mantrels stands for?
In pts suffereing from anterolateral MI?
V3, V4, V5, V6, AvL and I
what is the score guide to used to predict the lifkehood of stroke and guide anticoagulation therapy?
which of the following is best described by a superficial epidermal lesioncontaining clear fluid and measuring more than 1cm?
a pt with possible infectious endocarditis presents with painful lesion on the palms of the soles?
Impacted cerumen in the right auditory canal will have what result when performing a weber test?
Right sided lateralization
what type of rash commonly presents with a herald patch?