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GCSE Chemistry AQA > C10 Using Resourses > Flashcards

Flashcards in C10 Using Resourses Deck (63)
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1

What are ceramics?

Non metal solids with high melting point

2

What is clay?

●Soft material - can be moulded
●Fired at high temperature-hardens to form clay ceramic

3

What is clay used for?

Pottery and bricks

4

Name 3 properties of glass

●Generally transparent
●moulded when hot
●brittle when thin

5

What is soda lime glass made from?

It's made from heating a mixture of limestone, sand and sodium carbonate and leaving to cool

6

What is Borosilicate glass made from?

Mixture of sand and boron trioxide. It has a higher melting point then soda lime glass.

7

What is a composite?

●One materials EMBEDDED in another, fibres of material (reinforcement) are surrounded by a matrix acting as a binder

8

What is fibre glass made from?

Glass embedded in matrix of polymer.

9

What are the properties and uses of fibre glass?

●low density
●very strong
Makes: skis, boats and surfboards

10

What is carbon fibre made from?

Made from polymer matrix, reinforcement is carbon atoms chains or carbon nanotubes.

11

What are the properties and uses of carbon fibre?

●strong
●light
Used for: aerospace and sport car manufacture

12

What's concrete made from?

Made from aggregate (sand and gravel) embedded on cement.

13

What are the properties and uses of concrete?

●strongUsed for: building materials - skatepark

14

What is wood made from?

Natural composite of cellulose fibres held by organic polymer matrix.

15

How is low density poly(ethene) made?

●Moderate temperature
●high pressure
●Catalyst
Makes:Bags, bottles

16

How is high density poly(ethene) made?

●lower temperature
●pressure
●different catalystIt's rigged so used for: water tank, drain pipe

17

What does Thermosoftening polymers contain?

Individual polymer chains entwined together, with WEAK forces so you can MELT and REMOULD them.

18

What does Thermosetting polymers contain?

Monomers that form cross-links between polymer chains-solid structure. They are STRONG, HARD and RIGID.

19

What are general properties of ceramics?

●insulators
●Brittle
●stiff

20

What are general properties of polymers?

●insulators
●flexible
●easily mouldedUsed in: Clothing, insulation in electrics

21

What are the properties of a metal?

●malleable●good conductors●Ductile●shiny●stiffUsed in: wires, car body, cutlery

22

What are the alloys bronze and brass made from?

BRONZE: Copper + tin (medals, ornaments)BRASS:Copper + Zinc (lowfriction-water taps)

23

What's the formula for when iron rusts?

Iron + oxygen + water --> Hydrated iron(iii) oxide

24

Can a whole iron object corrode?

Yes, the exposed layer flakes of, exposing more iron till eventually it all flakes away!

25

Can aluminum corrode all away?

No, aluminum oxidises so it doesn't flake away acting as a protective layer.

26

How do you prevent rust?

●Paint/coat with plastic
●Electroplating-(electrolysis reduce metal ions on iron electrode)
●oiling/greasing
●galvanised- spray with Zinc, if zinc is scratched off Zinc around site of scratch works as a SACRIFICED metal

27

What replaced the rubber material from tree sap?

Man made polymers used in tyres.

28

How does agriculture improve crops?

Enhance natrual conditions - fertilisers

29

What is a renewable resource?

Reform at a rate faster then/same as we use them. Like timber which only take a few years to grow.

30

What is a finite resource?

Can't form quick enough to replace what's used. Like fossil fuels, nuclear fuels, ores