Flashcards in C2.2.1 - Metals And Non Metals Deck (17):
What is a physical property?
A characteristic that can be observed or measured
Talk about the physical properties of both metals and non metals
Where are metal elements placed on the periodic table?
On the left hand side
Where are non metals placed on the periodic table?
On the right hand side
What is a chemical property?
A characteristic of a substance that can only be determined by studying its chemical reactions
Can metals react with each other?
What is an alloy?
A mixture of metals
Talk about how metals and electrons interact with each other
Metals can lose electrons to make positive ions while non-metals can gain electrons to make negative ions
Can non-metals react with each other?
Yes, they create compounds
If a metal oxide dissolves in water, what happens?
An alkaline solution is produced
If a non-metal oxide dissolves in water, what happens?
An acidic solution is created
Describe the appearance of metals and non-metals
Metals - shiny
Non metals - dull
Describe the melting point and boiling point of metals and non metals
Metals - usually high
Non metals - usually low
What are metal’s and non metal’s states at room temperature?
Metal - solid
Non metal - half of substances gas, half of substances solid
Describe the hardness of metals and non metals
Metals - malleable (they bend without shattering)
Non metals - brittle (they shatter when hammered)
Describe the elasticity of metals and non metals
Metals - ductile(they can be pulled into wires)
Non metals - non ductile (they snap when pulled)