C2.2.1 - Metals And Non Metals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C2.2.1 - Metals And Non Metals Deck (17):
1

What is a physical property?

A characteristic that can be observed or measured

2

Talk about the physical properties of both metals and non metals

Mao

3

Where are metal elements placed on the periodic table?

On the left hand side

4

Where are non metals placed on the periodic table?

On the right hand side

5

What is a chemical property?

A characteristic of a substance that can only be determined by studying its chemical reactions

6

Can metals react with each other?

No

7

What is an alloy?

A mixture of metals

8

Talk about how metals and electrons interact with each other

Metals can lose electrons to make positive ions while non-metals can gain electrons to make negative ions

9

Can non-metals react with each other?

Yes, they create compounds

10

If a metal oxide dissolves in water, what happens?

An alkaline solution is produced

11

If a non-metal oxide dissolves in water, what happens?

An acidic solution is created

12

Describe the appearance of metals and non-metals

Metals - shiny
Non metals - dull

13

Describe the melting point and boiling point of metals and non metals

Metals - usually high
Non metals - usually low

14

What are metal’s and non metal’s states at room temperature?

Metal - solid
Non metal - half of substances gas, half of substances solid

15

Describe the hardness of metals and non metals

Metals - malleable (they bend without shattering)
Non metals - brittle (they shatter when hammered)

16

Describe the elasticity of metals and non metals

Metals - ductile(they can be pulled into wires)
Non metals - non ductile (they snap when pulled)

17

Describe the thermal and electrical conductivity of metals and non metals

Metals - good conductors
Non metals - poor conductors (they are insulators)