C1.2.3 - Developing The Atomic Model Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C1.2.3 - Developing The Atomic Model Deck (22):
1

What did dalton suggest?

All atoms of an element are identical
Different elements obtain different atoms
All matter is made from atoms

2

Why did people believe dalton?

He created a mode of an atom that supported his statements

3

When did dalton produce his model of the atom?

1803

4

What is dalton’s model of the atom called?

Billiard ball model
Dalton model

5

Why was dalton’s model of the atom very accurate?

He didn’t have much equipment to experiment

6

What did Thomson discover?

A new subatomic particle known as the electron

7

What were Thomson’s results during his experiments?

That beams of cathode rays changed direction in electric and magnetic fields

8

What did Thomson conclude from the experiment results?

That cathode rays were actually tiny particles that were negatively charged and much smaller than atoms.

9

What did Thomson have to show in his atom model?

Electrons
The atom is neutrally charged

10

What was the name of Thomson’s model?

Plum pudding model
Thomson model

11

When did Thomson create his model of the atom?

1897

12

What did Rutherford do?

He tested the plum pudding model with an experiment by firing alpha particles at a piece of gold foil

13

What were the results of rutherford’s model?

99% alpha particle went through
0.99% alpha particle veered off slightly
0.01% alpha particle bounced back

14

What did Rutherford conclude from his results?

That there was something very heavy and small in the atom, and that the atom is mostly empty. There is also a huge charge that is concentrated in a small space.

15

How did Rutherford explain his conclusions?

He said there was a small positively charged nucleus in the centre of the atom with electrons circling around it, neutralising the charge of an atom.

16

What was rutherford’s model called?

The Rutherford model

17

When did Rutherford create his model of an atom?

1909

18

Who did Rutherford work with in his experiments?

Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden

19

What did Bohr do?

He realised that orbiting electrons would be attracted to the oppositely charged nucleus and would rapidly spiral inwards

20

What did he add to Rutherford’s model?

Shells (or fixed energy levels) that electrons occupy

21

When did Bohr create his model?

1913

22

What did Bohr use to improve rutherford’s model?

He used mathematical models