C3.5 Organic Chemistry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C3.5 Organic Chemistry Deck (15):
1

What do all organic molecules contain?

carbon atoms

2

What do all alcohols have?

OH

3

what do all carboxylic acids have?

COOH

4

what do all esters have?

COO

5

Properties of alcohols

solvents (can dissolve organic compounds), perfumes, aftershave

6

What colour flame does ethanol have when it burns?

a clean blue flame

7

alcohols+sodium

=hydrogen + solution (fizzes)

8

ethanol +oxygen

=water+carbon water

9

How is an alcohol oxidised to a carbolylic acid?

when boiled with acidified potassium chromate solution

10

Name an example of a carbolyic acid

ethanoic acid

11

What is a strong acid?

ionises completely

12

What is a weak acid?

doesn't ionise completely

13

carboxylic acid+ alcohol

=ester+water (with a strong acid catalyst)

14

ethanoic acid+ethanol

ethyl ethanoate+water (sulfuric acid catalyst

15

Disadvantages in consuming alcohol

high blood pressure, heart disease, damage in liver,