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Flashcards in CAL: Camelid Anaemia Deck (9)
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1

> cause of the murmur here?
3 sick alpacas out of 60 herd
- poor BCS
- lethargy, dperession, anorexia, cold, pale mm, poor gut sounds, ^HH ^ RR
- 2 have murmurs grade II/VI, systolic PMI left
- 1 alpaca 5 mo pregnant, has just weaned 1 cria, 1 aplaca 3mo preg is 20 months old

Haemic murmur d/t changes in viscosity of blood

2

Stocking density recommendation for alpacas?

5-7 adult alpacas per acre

3

Vaccinations needed by alpacas?

- vax against clsotridial dz annually and against BTV8 in UK
- worming (with more than just ivermectin!)

4

What feacal sample test is more sensitvie for camelids?

Stoll's test

5

See CAL for good overview of ruminant eggs

-

6

What wormer is nematodirus not sensitive to?

Avermectins

7

How can parasites and aanaemia be linked?

Overwhelming GI parasitism can cause anaemia and hypoproteinaemia
- invovlvement of haemonchus suspected if severe anaemia

8

How is haemochus dx?

- feacal culture (takes 7-10d)
- PM

9

Tx/management of severely anaemic alpacas d/t overwhelming nematodirus and strongyle burden?

> anthelmintics
- 5d course fenbendazole (20mg/kg dose PO)
- levamisole (6mg/kg SQ / 8mg/kg PO) beware OD -> Neuro signs
> nutrition
- supplementary hay, sugar beet, chopped alfalfa
> whole blood transfusions
- find donor from herd, ideally male
- check donor is healthy (parasites likely herd wide probelm)
- 1 unit (450ml bag) of normal PCV should be sufficient to bring recipient into normal range (14-18%)
- transfuse through in-line filter (blood administration set)
- recover well,k may start eating mid-transfusion!
> oxygen if moribund
* NOT Fluids (dilute blood)