Capítulo 7 Flashcards Preview

Spanish > Capítulo 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Capítulo 7 Deck (151):
1

el abogado

lawyer

2

el arquitecto

architect

3

el científico

scientist

4

el contador

accountant

5

el economista

economist

6

el hombre de negocios

businessman

7

el ingeniero

engineer

8

el vendedor

salesman

9

la buena presencia

poise, appearance

10

el empleado

employee

11

el empleador

employer

12

el empleo

employment

13

la fábrica

factory

14

el jefe

boss

15

el mercado de trabajo

job market

16

los negocios

business

17

alcanzar una meta

to reach a goal

18

antecedente laboral

work history

19

proponer una meta

to set a goal

20

solicitar un trabajo

to apply for a job

21

tener afán de superación

to expect a lot of oneself

22

tener dominio de otros idiomas

to be fluent in other languages

23

tener facilidad de palabra

to be articulate

24

tener iniciativa

to show initiative

25

tomar decisiones

to make decisions

26

trabajar en equipo

to work as a team

27

forma

shape of an object, manner, way

28

formulario

form, document to complete

29

solicitar

to request, apply for a job

30

aplicar

to apply paint/sunscreen, to put on, to enforce a theory or law

31

algo

something

32

alguien

someone

33

alguno

any, some

34

siempre

always

35

o...o

either....or

36

también

also

37

nada

nothing

38

nadie

nobody

39

ninguno

none

40

nunca, jamás

never

41

ni

nor

42

ni...ni

neither...nor

43

tampoco

neither, not ...either

44

the personal a is used before (negation)

nadie, alguien, alguno, and ninguno when they function as DIRECT OBJECTS of a sentence

45

when antecedent is unknown, the verb in the dependent clause is

subjunctive

46

when antecedent is a person or thing that exists or has been identified, then the verb of the dependent clause is

indicative

47

que

-refers to people and things
-used after prepositions for things
-cannot omit like you can in English

48

quien

-refers to people when it appears between commas
-used after prepositions for people
-may be used at the beginning of a sentence for he/she who...

49

information appearing between commas and can be omitted are introduced by

quien for people and que for things

50

lo que/ lo cual

refer to previously mentioned idea, situation, or event. lo cual can't be used to start a sentence

51

el/la/los/las cual/es

used to clarify the antecedent when there is ambiguity. used after short prepositions: a, con, de, en, por, para, sin

52

el/la/los/las que

used after long prepositions: al lado de, cerca de, lejos de

53

el ámbito

sphere, field

54

tarde o temprano

sooner or later

55

la autoestima

self-esteem

56

cumplir con

to fulfill, execute

57

dedicarse a

to devote oneself to

58

desarrollarse

to develop oneself

59

desmotivado

unmotivated

60

el entorno

environment

61

el equilibrio

balance

62

la felicidad

happiness

63

infeliz

unhappy

64

insatisfecho

unsatisfied

65

el mercado laboral

job market

66

el sentido

sense, meaning, connotation

67

someter

to subdue

68

aspirante

applicant

69

candidato

candidate

70

la entrevista de trabajo

job interview

71

la hoja de vida

résumé

72

el mercado laboral

job market

73

el puesto

position, job

74

la solicitud de empleo

job application

75

el tiempo parcial

part-time

76

el trabajo

job, work

77

la administración

management

78

la Administración de Empresas

business administration

79

el ambiente de trabajo

workplace atmosphere

80

el ambiente empresarial

business climate

81

el aumento

increase, raise in salary

82

el beneficio

benefit

83

la capacitación

training

84

el compromiso

commitment

85

el desempleo

unemployment

86

el desarrollo

development

87

los directivos

directors

88

ejecutivo

executive

89

la empresa

business, company

90

el entorno

environment, setting

91

el éxito

success

92

la felicidad

happiness

93

la forma

way, form, manner

94

el formulario

form to fill out

95

gerente

manager

96

el horario

hourly schedule

97

la informática

computer science

98

la jubilación

retirement

99

la licencia (sin goce de sueldo)

leave (unpaid)

100

licenciado

university graduate

101

el momento

moment

102

la política

policy

103

la programación de computadoras

computer programming

104

los recursos humanos

human resources

105

el resultado

result

106

el seguro de desempleo

unemployment insurance

107

el título

degree

108

la venta

sale

109

la ventaja

advantage

110

actuar

to act

111

alcanzar una meta

to reach a goal

112

ascender (ie)

to advance, be promoted

113

atender (ie) al público

to deal with the public

114

atraer

to attract

115

capacitarse

to train

116

contar (ue) con

to count on

117

convenir (ie)

to be convenient

118

constarle (ue) a uno

to be difficult for someone

119

enfocar (un problema)

to focus on

120

entrenar

to train

121

hallar

to find

122

mandar

to send

123

proponer metas

to set goals

124

resolver (ue)

to solve, resolve, clear up

125

retener (ie)

to retain

126

solicitar

to apply for

127

tener (ie) en cuenta

to take into account

128

tratarse de

to be a question of

129

amplio

ample, wide

130

desmotivado

unmotivated

131

encargado

in charge

132

laboral

work-related

133

siguiente

following, next

134

de este modo

in this way

135

solo

only

136

únicamente

solely

137

antecedente laboral

job/work record

138

solicitar un trabajo

to apply for a job

139

tener afán de superación

to expect a lot of oneself

140

tener dominio de otros idiomas

to be fluent in other languages

141

tener facilidad de palabra

to be articulate

142

tener iniciativa

to show initiative

143

tomar decisiones

to make decisions

144

trabajar en equipo

to work as team

145

contratar

to hire

146

el currículum vitae

résumé

147

empleador

employer

148

la experencia laboral

work experience

149

firmar

to sign

150

la oferta de trabajo

job offer

151

la reunión

meeting