Capítulo 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Capítulo 1 Deck (280):
1

sin embargo

however

2

el abuelo

grandfather

3

el bisabuelo

great-grandfather

4

el cuñado

brother-in-law

5

el esposo

husband

6

el esposo de mi madre

stepfather

7

la familia nuclear

nuclear family

8

la familia política

in-laws

9

el gemelo

twin

10

el hijo único

only child

11

el marido

husband

12

el medio hermano

stepbrother

13

el novio

fiancé

14

la nuera

daughter-in-law

15

el pariente lejano

distant relative

16

el primo

cousin

17

el sobrino

nephew

18

el suegro

father-in-law

19

los suegros

in-laws

20

el tío

uncle

21

el tío abuelo

great-uncle

22

el yerno

son-in-law

23

alrededor de

around

24

aunque

though, although, even if

25

contraer matrimonio

to get married

26

en cuanto a

as far as, regarding, with respect to

27

hoy en día

nowadays

28

no solo...sino también

not only...but also

29

según

according to

30

ya que

since, inasmuch as

31

parecer

to seem

32

parecer+adv

to seem;to appear to be

33

parecerse

to resemble; to look like; to look alike

34

moverse

to move

35

mudarse

to change residence

36

la mudanza

the move

37

?Qué tal?

How are things?

38

!Tanto tiempo sin verte!

Long time, no see!

39

?Qué hay de nuevo?

What's new?

40

?Cómo te va?

How is it going?

41

Le (te) presento a _

Let me introduce you to _

42

Permítame que me presente

Allow me to introduce myself

43

Mucho gusto

Nice to meet you

44

Encantado

Delighted to meet you

45

Es un placer

It's a pleasure to meet you.

46

Chau/chao

Good-bye

47

Adiós

Good-bye

48

Adiós, que te vaya bien

Good-bye. I hope all goes well. / Good luck

49

Nos vemos

See you later

50

Hasta la vista

See you later

51

Hasta luego

See you later

52

Te veo más tarde

See you later

53

Es un objeto que se usa para

It is an object used for

54

Es una cosa que sirve para

It is a thing that serves to

55

Es una persona que

It is a person that

56

Es una actividad que

It is an activity that

57

Es un lugar donde

It is a place where

58

Es como

It is like

59

Se parece a

It looks like

60

Suena como

It sounds like

61

Es una bebida/ un alimento que

It is a drink/food that

62

Es un animal que

It is an animal that

63

Es una palabra que se usa cuando

It is a word that is used when

64

Significa que

It means that

65

apasionado

passionate

66

atrevido

daring

67

callado

quiet

68

cariñoso

loving

69

castaño

chestnut

70

celoso

jealous

71

culto

well-educated

72

débil

weak

73

divertido

funny

74

educado

polite

75

mal educado

impolite

76

enfermo

sick

77

flaco

skinny

78

insensato

foolish

79

justo

fair

80

largo

long

81

leal

loyal

82

lindo

beautiful

83

maduro

mature

84

mayor

older

85

peleador

quarrelsome

86

perezoso

lazy

87

sensato

sensible

88

saber

to know; yo sé

89

caer

to fall; yo caigo

90

dar

to give; yo doy

91

hacer

to do; yo hago

92

poner

to put; yo pongo

93

salir

to go out; yo salgo

94

traer

to bring; yo traigo

95

to be worth

valer; yo valgo

96

ver

to see; yo veo

97

decir

to say

98

estar

to be

99

ir

to go

100

oir

to hear

101

reir

to laugh

102

ser

to be

103

tener

to have

104

venir

to come

105

cerrar

to close

106

comenzar

to begin

107

empezar

to start

108

entender

to understand

109

mentir

to lie

110

pensar

to think

111

perder

to lose

112

preferir

to prefer

113

querer

to love; to want

114

recomendar

to recommend

115

medir

to measure

116

pedir

to ask

117

repetir

to repeat

118

seguir

to follow

119

servir

to serve

120

almorzar

to eat lunch

121

costar

to cost

122

devolver

to return something to someone

123

dormir

to sleep

124

encontrar

to meet; to find

125

morir

to die

126

mostrar

to show

127

mover

to move

128

poder

to be able

129

probar

to try; to taste

130

recordar

to remember

131

soñar

to dream

132

volver

to return (to a place)

133

to express health

estar

134

to express the condition of a person, thing, or place

estar

135

to express the location of people and objects

estar

136

to describe an action that is happening now

estar

137

to express a state of being as a result of an action

estar

138

to express a change in state of mind or marital status

estar

139

estar enamorado de

to be in love with

140

estar enojado

to be angry

141

estar enfadado

to be angry

142

estar entusiasmado con

to be enthusiastic about

143

estar preocupado por

to be worried about

144

estar casado con

to be married to

145

estar comprometido con

to be engaged to

146

estar divorciado de

to be divorced from

147

estar separado de

to be separated from

148

estar a punto de + infinitive

to be about to do something

149

estar bien/bueno

to be all right/ good

150

estar con prisa

to be in a hurry

151

estar contento

to be happy

152

estar de acuerdo

to agree

153

estar de buen humor

to be in a good mood

154

estar de mal humor

to be in a bad mood

155

estar de paso

to be passing by

156

estar de vacaciones

to be on vacation

157

estar embarazada

to be pregnant

158

estar equivocado

to be wrong

159

estar muerto

to be dead

160

estar sano

to be healthy

161

to express physical, mental, and emotional characteristics associated with a person

ser

162

to express physical characteristics of a thing

ser

163

to express origin

ser

164

to express profession, nationality, religious, or political affiliation

ser

165

to express possession

ser

166

to express what something is made of

ser

167

to express time and location of an event; it expresses where something takes place

ser

168

to express time

ser

169

to express marital status

ser

170

Use _ when there is a possibility of choose in the answer

Cuál/cuáles

171

Use _ when asking for a definition or an explanation

qué

172

el carácter

temperament

173

el comportamiento

behavior

174

comportar(se)

to behave

175

dominante

domineering

176

la infancia

childhood

177

el mayor

eldest

178

la mayoría

majority

179

el mediano

middle child

180

el menor

youngest

181

la minoría

minority

182

la moda

fashion

183

el nacimiento

birth

184

el primogénito

first-born

185

el resultado

result

186

el ser humano

human being

187

el vecino

neighbor

188

el viudo

widow

189

además

furthermore

190

es más

furthermore

191

el cónyuge

spouse

192

la familia nuclear

nuclear family

193

el hijo

son

194

los hijos

children

195

la madre

mother

196

el matrimonio

marriage

197

el nieto

grandson

198

el padre

father

199

los padres

parents

200

la pareja

couple

201

el amor

love

202

el apoyo

support

203

el bebé

baby

204

la boda

wedding

205

el cambio

change

206

la crianza

bringing up

207

el dato

data

208

el deber

duty

209

el derecho

right

210

la falta

lack of

211

el integrante

member

212

el lazo familiar

family tie

213

la maternidad

maternity

214

el nacimiento

birth

215

el pariente

relative

216

la paternidad

paternity

217

el porcentaje

percentage

218

el primogénito

first-born

219

el respeto

respect

220

el resultado

result

221

el sostén

support

222

el tamaño

size

223

la tasa de natalidad

birth rate

224

la unidad

unity

225

aumentar

to increase

226

cambiar

to change

227

contar

to count

228

continuar

to continue

229

convivir

to live together

230

crecer

to grow

231

criar

to raise, rear

232

cuidar

to take care of

233

elegir

to choose

234

mimar

to pamper

235

mostrar

to show

236

optar

to opt

237

reflejar

to reflect

238

basado en

based on

239

intacto

intact

240

monoparental

single-parent

241

rizado

curly-haired

242

variado

varied

243

to accept

aceptar

244

to adopt

adoptar

245

to save

ahorrar

246

to love

amar

247

to change

cambiar

248

to take care of

cuidar

249

to determine

determinar

250

to explain

explicar

251

to spend (money)

gastar

252

to take, carry

llevar

253

to mature

madurar

254

to spoil

mimar

255

to occupy

ocupar

256

to hate

odiar

257

to weight

pesar

258

to protest

protestar

259

to separate

separar

260

to tolerate

tolerar

261

to use

usar

262

to visit

visitar

263

to learn

aprender

264

to drink

beber

265

to eat

comer

266

to understand

comprender

267

to believe

creer

268

ought to, should

deber

269

to read

leer

270

to sell

vender

271

to attend

asistir

272

to share

compartir

273

to decide

decidir

274

to argue

discutir

275

to insist

insistir

276

to allow

permitir

277

to receive

recibir

278

to live

vivir

279

present participle

-ar -> -ando
-er, ir ->-iendo

ir=yendo

280

present progressive

estar + present participle