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Flashcards in Capitulo Cuatro - Gramaticas Deck (8)
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1

3 things to remember about verbs like gustar:

1. Because gustar and verbs like it are really conjugated as according to the direct object (me gustan las frutas = Fruits please me), you must remember to match gustar to the number it is modifying:

Me gusta la fruta.
Me gustan las frutas.
____

2. Remember to put the personal pronoun before using these verbs for persons other than first:

Me molesta
Te molesta
Le molesta
Nos molesta
Os molesta
Les molesta

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To emphasize a certain person, usually in a comparative sentence, use the Prepositional pronoun while using these verbs:

*A mi* me gusta Coldplay, pero a Hank no le gusta.

Well, *I* like Coldplay, but *Hank* does not.

2

Estar v. Ser: How should you use Estar?

Use estar for:
1. LOCATION: Express location of people, places or objects.
- Los libros estan en la mesa.

2. CONDITION: to talk about temporal condition.
- "Como estas?" "Estoy bien."

3. EMOTIONAL CONDITIONS: to talk about emotional conditions.
- Estoy muy ocupada esta semana.

3

Estar v. Ser: How should you use Ser?

Use SER for:
1. IDENTIFYING - yourself and others.
- Soy Ana y esta es mi hermana, Luisa.

2. PROFESSIONS - to indicate professions.
- Pablo Picasso es un artista famoso.

3. PERSONALITY/PHYSICAL TRAITS
- Somos altos y delgados.
- Soy estudiante bueno.

4. TIME AND DATE
- Es la una de la tarde. Hoy es miercoles.

5. NATIONALITY/ORIGIN
- Soy de Texas.

6. POSSESSION (w/ "de")
- Este celular es de Anita.

7. LOCATION
- La fiesta es en la residencia estudiantil.

4

Stem changing verbs: conjugate a present indicative w/ a stem change of "o" into "ue"

o -> ue

encontrar (to find):
encuentro
encuentras
encuentra

encontramos
encontrais
encuentran

5

Stem changing verbs: conjugate a present indicative w/ a stem change of "e" into "ie"

preferir (to prefer):
prefiero
prefieres
prefiere

preferimos
preferis
prefieren

6

Stem changing verbs: conjugate a present indicative w/ a stem change of "e" into "i"

pedir (to ask for):

pido
pides
pide

pedimos
pedis
piden

7

What forms do present indicative stem-changing verbs not change their stems?

In the Nosotros and Vosotros forms.

8

How do you form an adverb ("slowly," "generally," "easily"...) ?

By adding "-mente." (If the adjective ends with an "o," change it to an "a" first.

- facil - facilmente (easily)
- dificil - dificilmente (difficultly)
- lentO - lentAmente (slowly)
- rapidO - rapidAmente (rapidly)

(More words)
- frecuentemente
- normalmente
- generalmente

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