Capoten (Captopril) Flashcards Preview

Paramedic Drugs Set 3 - BP / Analgesia > Capoten (Captopril) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Capoten (Captopril) Deck (7)
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1

Classification

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor (ACE-Inhibitor)

2

Mechanism of Action

  • Blocks angiotensin converting enzymes, preventing formation of angiotensin II
  • Dilates coronary and systemic arteries
  • Decreases peripheral vascular resistance
  • Improves cardiac output

3

Indications

  • Congestive Heart Failure

4

Contraindications

  • Hypotension
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Pregnancy

5

Adverse Effects

  • Cardiovascular: hypotension, chest pain, hyperkalemia
  • Gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite
  • Neurological: dizziness, headache

6

Administration

  • Adult: 25 mg sublingual
  • Pediatrics: Safety has not been established. 

7

Special Considerations

  • When taken with lithium, captopril can increase lithium to toxic levels in the blood.
  • Anticancer drugs or chloramphenicol taken with captopril can increase the chance of having a low blood cell count.