Flashcards in Cardiac Deck (83):
What is the echogenic focus in the left ventricle?
calcified papillary muscle
What does the two chamber view display?
What is seen on the three chamber view?
Supra valvular aortic stenosis-
Bicuspid aortic valve+ coarctation=
What is the most common cause of mitral stenosis?
rheumatic heart disease
What are the two most common causes of acute mitral regurgitation?
endocarditis, papillary muscle rupture
Supravalvular pulmonic stenosis=
Valvular pulmonary stenosis is see in what disease?
Peripheral pulmonary stenosis is seen in hat syndrome?
Sub valvular pulmonary stenosis is seen with what congenital heart disease?
What is the most common situation for pulmonary regurgitation?
post op TOF repair
What is the most common cause of TR?
pulmonary arterial hypertension
What is Ebstein anomaly?
tricuspid valve is hypoplastic-> RA enlargement, atrialized RV, tricuspid regurg
box shaped heart=
Tricuspid atresia is associated with what?
Right aortic arch w/ left subclavian originating anteriorly=
Right arch with mirror branching a/w what most commonly?
Right arch with mirror branching a/w what most closely?
egg on a string=
thumb defects + ASD=
ostim primum ASD seen in
Sinus venosus ASD seen with
unroofed coronary sinus has strong association with what?
persistent left SVC
Type III TAPVR=
infracardiac, pulmonary edema
Which TAPVR type gives snowman appearance?
type 1 supracardiac
What is the most common cause of cyanosis during the first 24 hours?
What procedure results in PA being draped over aorta
D transposition, le compte manuever
What is truncus associated with?
digeorge/ catch 22
Coarctation is strongly associated with what?
What common associated defect is seen with coarc?
bicuspid aortic valve
Hypoplastic left heart is commonly associated with what?
coarc and endocardial fibroelastosis
What is cor tratriatum sinistrum?
pulmonary vein draining into left atrium
What med is used for wall motion?
What med is used for perfusion?
Timing of dressler syndrome post MI?
Timing of papillary muscle rupture post MI?
Timing of ventricular pseudoaneurysm post MI?
Timing of ventricular aneurysm post MI?
Timing of myocardial rupture post MI?
within 3 days
Difficult to null myocardium=
septal bounce =
sigmoidization on SSFP=
Circumferential subendocardial enhancement=
Midwall patchy enhancement=
Midwall septal enhancement= 2
myocarditis, idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
midwall lateral enhancement = 2
epicardial enhancement 2
kid with dilated heart and midwall enhancement=
what is the ratio in noncompaction?
non compacted end diastolic myocardium to compacted of more than 2.3:1
What is the most common met to the heart?
What is the most primary malignant cardiac tumor in adults?
cardiac tumor with sunray appearance=
What is the most common primary cardiac tumor in adults?
left atrial myxoma
What two syndromes is myxoma associated with
carney complex, MEN
Where is a myxoma most commonly?
What is the most common fetal cardiac tumor?
Where are rhabdomyomas most commonly located?
What syndrome are rhabdomyomas associated with?
What is the 2nd most common childhood cardiac tumor?
Where are cardiac fibromas commonly located?
What tumor involves the cardiac valves?
What is the sequence of surgeries for hypoplastic left heart?
Norwood (near birth)
Glenn (3-6 months)
What is the norwood procedure?
for hypoplastic left heart
enlarge aorta, ASD and put in BT shunt between right PA and SC artery
What is the sano procedure?
same as norwood but conduit used instead of BT shunt
What is the Classic Glenn?
shunt between SVC and RPA (end to end) proximal PA sewn shunt
What is a bi directional Glenn?
shunt between SVC and right PA (end to side). RPA left open
classic glen with ASD closure, shunt between RA to left PA
What procedure results in plastic bronchitis?
between subclavian artery and pulmonary artery on OPPOSITE side of arch
Modified BT shunt
SAME side as arch
What are the two atrial switch procedures?
Senna and Mustard
connects VSD to aorta
replaces aortic valve with own pulmonary valve and pulmonary with graft
graft replacement of aortic valve, aortic root and ascending aorta
Typical inversion time of cardiac MRI?