Flashcards in Cardio Deck (27)
What are the 4 K+ sparing diuretics?
Which ECG leads are most likely affected by an occlusion of the posterior descending coronary artery?
-II, III, aVF
Diastolic murmur heard best at the left lower sternum that increases with inspiration?
Late diastolic murmur with an opening snap?
Systolic murmur heard best in the second right interspace?
Systolic murmur heard best in the second left interspace?
Late systolic murmur heard best at the apex?
Mitral valve prolapse
Diastolic murmur with a widened pulse pressure?
Holosystolic murmur at the left lower sternum that is louder with inspiration?
Holosystolic murmur at the apex that radiates to the axilla?
Which meds can negatively affect lipid measurements?
Tx for elevated homocysteine?
What cardiac auscultation findings are benign when there is no evidence of disease?
Split S2 on inspiration
S3 in pt under 40
Early quiet systolic murmur
What is the Fick Principle Eqn?
CO=(rate of O2 consumption)/(arterial O2 content-venous O2 content)
What disease causes signs of heart failure + DM + elevated LFTs?
Tx for acute decompensated CHF presenting with pulm edema?
Nitrates, O2, Loops, Inotropes, Poisitoning (legs down)
What drugs are proven to reduce mortality in CHF?
ACE-Is, B-blockers, Aldo antags
Side Effect association w/ alpha blockers?
First dose orthostatic hypotension
Side Effect association w/ minoxidil?
Side Effect association w/ clonidine?
Dry mouth, sedation, severe rebound htn.
Side Effect association w/ non-selective B-blockers?
Bradycardia and asthma exacerbation
Side Effect association w/ arterial vasodilators?
Side Effect association w/ ACE-I?
Side Effect association w/ diuretics?
avoid in pt's with sulfa allergy
Side Effect association w/ hydralazine?
development of drug-induced lupus
Tx of endocarditis?
long term IV abx (vanco) 4-6wks