Cardiology Flashcards Preview

clinical medicine practice questions > Cardiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (29):
1

narrow QRS tachycardia come from 2 places

1. atria
2. AVN

2

Valsalva maneuver used for...?

restore normal heart rate

3

chest pain by exertion

angina

4

2 main causes of angina

1. hypertension
2. diabetes

5

pericarditis symptoms

flu
central chest pain
pain eased with anti inflamms

6

hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy presentation

and pulse type

collapse

pulse type: jerky

7

methotrexate used for

RA

8

how to accentuate an ejection systolic murmur?

squat down

9

inverted p waves

retrograde atrial conduction

10

MI and bradycardia suggest which vessel is occluded?

RCA

11

fluid overload can occur after an MI - this is indicated by changes in physiology: i.e: increased HR, RR
Look for signs of heart failure - breahtlessness, sitting forward

How do you treat?

give IV furosemide

12

signs of heart failure

breathlessness
sitting forward

13

how to hear aoritc regurgitation

sit up and lean forwards

14

how to hear right sided murmurs

deep breath in

15

how to test for stable angina?

stress test on ECG then angiogram

16

what kind of pulse can aortic regurgitation cause?

collapsing

17

congestive HF symptoms

cough
SOB
sleeping up right
pitting oedema
JVP
alternans pulse

18

what is CHAD2DS2 VASC2 for?

AF, helps to see if anti-coagulant is needed

19

what is budd chiari syndrome?
presentation?

hepatic vein blocked
englarged liver

20

cor pulmonale
what is it
symptoms

right heart side englargment because of liver abnormality
symptoms: fainting, chest pain, swelling ankels, respiratory problems

21

peripherial oedema in someone with COPD...think about what....

right heart failure

22

what would you see in chronic hep?

jaundice

23

When does creatinine kinase rise

MI and trauma

24

Pan systolic murmur on LHS with tender abdomen

Tricuspid regurgitation with hepatomegaly

25

When do you find a pansystolic murmur

Mitral & tricuspid regurgitation
Ventricular septal defects

26

What is waterhammer pulse, de Musset sign, collapsing pulse and head nodding a sign of?

Aortic regurgitation

27

Treatment for hypertension <55 not black

ACE inhibitor

28

treatment for black patient with hypertension

CA blocker

29

how to treat narrow complex tachycardia?

vagal maneuver