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clinical medicine practice questions > Neurology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neurology Deck (25):
1

what is first line therapy for seizures outside the hospital?

PR diazepam 20 mg

2

what is a symptoms of bells palsy?

hypersensitivity to sound

3

what is bells palsy

temporary weakeness in one side of face
gets better within 9 months

4

bells palsy symptoms

weakness or total paralysis on one side of your face that develops within 2 days
drooping eyelid
drooping corner of the mouth
drooling
dry mouth
loss of taste
eye irritation, such as dryness or more tears

5

how to treat bells palsy

aciclovir and prednisalone

6

essential tremor symptoms

tremor worse when moving it

7

what improves a essential tremor?

a little alcohol
b-blocker

8

if symptoms are gradual, what can you rule out?

vascular
think metasteses

9

crossing finger over dorsal surface
spreading fingers horizontally
tests which nerve?

ulnar

10

move wrist toward thumb tests which nerve?

radial

11

closing thumb in a first and moving it to little finger is what test?

finklestein

12

do patients tilt their head away from the affected side?

yes

13

if spinal injury - do you do head tilt chin lift?

no
do jaw thrust instead

14

subdural haematoma symptoms

headache
drowsiness
fluctuating conciousness

15

what do you need to check in someone who is on sodium valporate before a surgery?

clotting factors

16

when medication do you give after a TIA?

aspirin

17

what does reynards sign present with?

fingers that go pale->blue->red when cold

18

what nerve is damaged in foot drop?

pereneal

19

can oral contraceptive pill trigger migraine?

yes

20

what kind of headache is associated with flashing light?

migraine

21

what kind of headache would give blood shot eyes, eyelid swelling and more tears?

cluster headache

22

what are symptoms of ICP headache?

waking up with pain
worse when laying down
vomiting
personality change
seizure

23

what headache can be caused by stress?

tension headache

24

what investigation for acute head injurys?

CT head

25

does GB start off with being ill?

yes