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1st Year Buzzwords > Cardiovascular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (22)
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1

Fever and pleuritic chest pain relieved by sitting up and leaning forward

Pericarditis

2

ECG:

"Sawtooth" baseline

150bpm

Atrial flutter

3

"Irregularly irregular pulse"

No clear P waves on ECG

Atrial fibrillation

4

ECG:

"Saddle-shaped" ST elevations

Pericarditis

5

What is the ABCDE of pulmonary oedema?

Alveolar bats-wing shadows

Kerley B lines

Cardiomegaly

Dilated upper lobe vessels

Pleural effusions

6

Raised JVP / hepatojugular reflex

Heart failure

(normally right-sided)

7

"Sense of impending doom"

Myocardial infarction

8

Broad complex tachycardia

Ventricular tachycardia

9

Narrow QRS

Arrythmia of atrial origin

10

Mid-diastolic murmur, tapping, undisplaced apex, malar flush

Mitral stenosis

11

Broad QRS with slurred upstroke on R waves

Delta waves indicative of Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome

12

Tall, tented T waves

Hyperkalaemia

13

Flattened T waves

 

Hypokalaemia

14

Pericarditis 4-6 weeks post MI/CABG

Dressler's syndrome

15

Blurred yellow vision, headache

Digoxin toxicity

16

Janeway lesions

Osler's nodes

Subacute bacterial endocarditis

17

"Continuous machinery murmur"

Patent ductus arteriosus

18

Rib notching apparent on CXR

Coarctation of the aorta

19

"Crescendo-decrescendo pulse"

Slow rising pulse

Aortic stenosis

20

Collapsing pulse

Aortic regurgitation

Patent ductus arteriosus

21

MRS ASS

Mitral regurgitation SYSTOLIC

Aortic stenosis SYSTOLIC

(so Mitral stenosis DIASTOLIC

Aortic regurgitation DIASTOLIC)

22

What are the four heart defects found in Tetralogy of Fallot?

1. Pulmonary stenosis

2. Right ventricular hypertrophy

3. Ventricular septal defect

4. Overriding aorta