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1st Year Buzzwords > Gastrointestinal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gastrointestinal Deck (27)
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1

Side effect: gingival hypertrophy

Calcium channel blockers (amlodipine, felodipine, diltiazem, verapamil)

2

"Bird beak appearance"distended oesophagus

Achalasia

3

Grey Turner's sign

Cullen's sign

(lumbar / umbilical redness)

Acute pancreatitis

4

Causes of acute pancreatitis

GET SMASHED:

  • Gallstones
  • Ethanol
  • Trauma
  • Steroids
  • Mumps
  • Autoimmune
  • Scorpion stings
  • Hyperlipidaemia
  • ERCP
  • Drugs

5

Murphy's sign positive

Cholecystitis / cholangitis

6

Pale stools, jaundice, abdominal pain

Bile duct obstruction

7

Abdominal distension, caput medusae and shifting dullness

Portal hypertension + ascities

i.e cirrhosis

8

Pyoderma gangrenosum and erythema nodosum

IBD (Crohn's and UC respectively)

9

"Tinkling bowel sounds"

Small bowel obstruction

10

Vesicular rash + weight loss

Coeliac disease

11

Virchow's node (left supraclavicular)

Gastric cancer

12

Urease breath test

Helicobacter pylori

13

"Rice water" stools

Cholera

14

Antimitochondrial antibodies

Primary biliary cholangitis

15

Anti-smooth muscle antibodies

Autoimmune hepatitis

16

Alpha fetoprotein / AFP assay

Hepatocellular carcinoma

17

Cobblestone mucosa

Crohn's disease

18

Diuretic used for ascites secondary to cirrhosis

Spironolactone

19

"Corkscrew oesophagus" on barium swallow

Oesophageal spasm

20

Severe abdominal pain + nausea and vomiting after raw milk

Camplyobacter jejuni gastroenteritis

21

Russel's sign

(acid erosion of the knuckles)

Self-induced vomiting

22

Mallory's hyaline bodies

Acute / chronic hepatitis

23

Crypt abscesses / cryptitis

Ulcerative colitis

24

"Onion-skin fibrosis", beading of the bile ducts

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

25

"Signet ring cells" on biopsy

Gastric cancer

26

Dilated colon with loss of features on AXR

Bacterial overgrowth --> toxic megacolon

27

Charcot's triad of ascending cholangitis

Fever

Jaundice

Abdominal pain