Cardiovascular and Systemic Diseases Flashcards Preview

Microbiology Charts > Cardiovascular and Systemic Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular and Systemic Diseases Deck (30)
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1

Septicemia
Major Symptoms

Fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malaise, septic shock, *petechiaee, osteomyelitis*

2

Septicemia
Causative Organism

Various

3

Septicemia
Type of Pathogen

Various

4

Septicemia
Mode of Transmission

Often opportunistic or nosocomial infections; direct inoculation of bacteria into the blood

5

Endocarditis
Major Symptoms

Fever, fatigue, malaise, tachycardia; inflammation of heart valves

6

Endocarditis
Causative Organisms x8

Streptococcus sanguis
Streptococcus mutans
Streptococcus anginosus
Streptococcus bovis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Streptococcus pyogenes
Staphylococcus aureus
Eschericia coli

7

Endocarditis
Eschericia coli
Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram -)

8

Endocarditis
All streptococcus & staphylococcus aureus
Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram +)

9

Endocarditis
Mode of Transmission

Usually have obvious source of infection

10

Endocarditis
Streptococcus sanguis
Key Associations

Viridans strep; also causes mouth infections

11

Endocarditis
Streptococcus mutans
Key Associations

Viridans strep; one of the most common causes of cavities

12

Endocarditis
Streptococcus anginosus
Key Associations

Viridans strep; also causes deep tissue abscesses with pus, osteomyelitis

13

Endocarditis
Streptococcus bovis
Key Associations

Often associated with *colon cancer*

14

Rheumatic Fever/Heart Disease
Major Symptoms

Joint inflammation, small nodules/hard round bumps under skin, change in neuromuscular movements, rash, fever, weight loss, fatigue, stomach pains

15

Rheumatic Fever/Heart Disease
Causative Organism

Streptococcus pyogenes

16

Rheumatic Fever/Heart Disease
Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram +)

17

Rheumatic Fever/Heart Disease
Mode of Transmission

Occurs 1-5 weeks following infection with S. pyogenes such as Strep throat or Scarlet Fever

18

Rheumatic Fever/Heart Disease
Key Associations

*Children ages 5 to 15 are most at risk*, not common in US

19

Brucellosis
AKA

Undulant Fever

20

Brucellosis (Undulant Fever)
Major Symptoms

Fluctuating fever (spikes every afternoon), chills, sweating, headache, myalgia, weight loss

21

Brucellosis (Undulant Fever)
Causative Organism

Brucella melitensis

22

Brucellosis (Undulant Fever)
Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram -)

23

Brucellosis (Undulant Fever)
Mode of Transmission

Contact with contaminated dairy products or infected animal parts

24

Brucellosis (Undulant Fever)
Key Associations

Found in sheep and goats

25

Tularemia
AKA

Rabbit Fever

26

Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)
Major Symptoms

Skin lesions/ swollen lymph nodes at infection site, ascending lymphangitis

27

Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)
Causative Organism

Francisella tularensis

28

Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)
Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram -)

29

Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)
Mode of Transmission

*Infected tick* vector or contact with infected animal

30

Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)
Key Associations

Lives mostly in rabbits;
*Category A* bioterrorist threat