Diseases of Skin and Wounds Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diseases of Skin and Wounds Deck (153)
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1

Abscess/Folliculitis Major Symptoms

Red, itching, burning... may drain pus, blood, or both (pimple, sty, furuncle, carbuncle)

2

Abscess/Folliculitis Causative Organisms

Staphylococcus Aureus Staphylococcus Epidermidis

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Abscess/Folliculitis Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram +)

4

Abscess/Folliculitis Mode of Transmission

Direct contact/fomites

5

Abscess/Folliculitis Key Assoications

Staph.. aureus - *More likely cause* of folliculitis; may get "Methicillin Resistant S. Aureus" MRSA Staph... epidermidis - *More predominant* on skin, but *NOT* most likely to cause folliculitis

6

"Hot Tub" Folliculitis Major Symptoms

small "pimples" on stomach, buttocks, arms and legs

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"Hot Tub" Folliculitis Causative Organism

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

8

"Hot Tub" Folliculitis Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram -)

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"Hot Tub" Folliculitis Mode of Transmission

Using a poorly chlorinated hot tub or spa

10

Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) Major Symptoms

*Skin peels off in sheets*; Reddening of skin; begins near mouth, spreads over entire body

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Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) Causative Organisms

Staphylococcus aureus

12

Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram +)

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Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) Mode of Transmission

Direct contact/fomites

14

Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) Key Associations

Can be mistaken for child abuse

15

Impetigo (Pyoderma) Major Symptoms

Small, flattened red patches on face and limbs; develop into pus filled vesicles that crust (*pyoderma*)

16

Impetigo (Pyoderma) Causative Organisms

Staphylococcus aureus (80%)

Streptococcus pyogenes (20%)

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Impetigo (Pyoderma) Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram +)

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Impetigo (Pyoderma) Mode of Transmission

Direct contact/fomites

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Impetigo (Pyoderma) Key Associations

Most common in children

20

Erysipelas Major Symptoms

*Fiery red rash* with sharply defined *raised borders*

21

Erysipelas Causative Organisms

Streptococcus pyogenes (most cases)

Staphylococcus aureus (occasionally)

22

Erysipelas Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram +)

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Erysipelas Mode of Transmission

Direct contact/fomites

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Erysipelas Key Associations

Most common in elderly, peak incidence 60-80

25

Necrotizing Fasciitis Major Symptoms

*Spreads along fascia*; Destruction of Muscle and fat tissue (*necrosis*), multiple organ failure

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Necrotizing Fasciitis Causative Organisms

Streptococcus pyogenes

27

Necrotizing Fasciitis Type of Pathogen

Bacteria (Gram +)

28

Necrotizing Fasciitis Mode of Transmission

Person-to-Person Enters through breaks in skin

29

Necrotizing Fasciitis Key Associations

*aka "flesh eating bacteria"; Emerging Disease*

30

Acne Major Symptoms

Infection of hair follicle, sebaceous glands