cardiovascular disease Flashcards Preview

Health, Disease and the Development of Medicine - BIOLOGY > cardiovascular disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in cardiovascular disease Deck (13):
1

what can a diet high in sugars and fats lead to ?

obesity

2

what is obesity?

build up of excessive fats around organs such as the heart and kidneys and under the skin

3

why do we need some fat?

to cushion organs when we move

store some vitamins

provide a store of energy

4

what's the result of cardiovascular disease?

circulatory system functioning poorly

5

what is a sign of cardiovascular disease and what can it lead to?

high blood pressure

heart pain / heart attack

6

what is the equation for body mass index?

BMI = mass(kg) / height (squared) (metres)

7

why do we use BMI?

to predict the amount of body fat

8

what is the best method for measuring abdominal fat?

(waist:hip) ratio

9

how do harmful substances in tobacco smoke damage the body?

absorbed from the lungs into the blood

damage blood vessels

increase blood pressure

make blood vessels narrower

increase risk of blood clots

ALL CAN LEAD TO CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

10

how might a doctor advise a patient with high blood pressure to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease?

exercise more

give up smoking

(medicines-for very high blood pressure)

11

how might you treat a narrowed blood vessel?

insert a stent - a small mesh tube - to hold it open

12

how might you treat a blocked artery?

insert other blood vessels so heart tissue is supplied wth oxygen and nutrients again

13

what might be some life-long treatment?

may have to take medicines to help prevent a heart attack or stroke