Flashcards in cardiovascular disease Deck (13):
what can a diet high in sugars and fats lead to ?
what is obesity?
build up of excessive fats around organs such as the heart and kidneys and under the skin
why do we need some fat?
to cushion organs when we move
store some vitamins
provide a store of energy
what's the result of cardiovascular disease?
circulatory system functioning poorly
what is a sign of cardiovascular disease and what can it lead to?
high blood pressure
heart pain / heart attack
what is the equation for body mass index?
BMI = mass(kg) / height (squared) (metres)
why do we use BMI?
to predict the amount of body fat
what is the best method for measuring abdominal fat?
how do harmful substances in tobacco smoke damage the body?
absorbed from the lungs into the blood
damage blood vessels
increase blood pressure
make blood vessels narrower
increase risk of blood clots
ALL CAN LEAD TO CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
how might a doctor advise a patient with high blood pressure to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease?
give up smoking
(medicines-for very high blood pressure)
how might you treat a narrowed blood vessel?
insert a stent - a small mesh tube - to hold it open
how might you treat a blocked artery?
insert other blood vessels so heart tissue is supplied wth oxygen and nutrients again