Flashcards in health and disease Deck (19):
What does the World Health Organisation say what good health is?
"complete physical, social and mental well-being"
What does physical well-being include?
free from disease
eating and sleeping well
getting regular activity
limiting intake of harmful substances such as alcohol and drugs
What does social well-being include?
how well you get on with other people
how your surroundings affect you
What does mental well-being include?
how you feel about yourself
why are the 3 categories of well-being not separate?
improving one category can also improve others
what does a correlation between health and income show?
the smaller someone's income, the LESS likely they are to live for a long time
what could be the causes of this correlation?
poorer people cannot:
afford a healthy diet
access the same medical care as rich people
regions where there have been natural disasters or wars
therefore likely to be more disease and less doctors and hospitals
what is a disease?
a problem with a structure or process in the body that is not the result of an injury
why might you get a disease?
due to mircroorganisms gettin into the body and changing how it works
what are some symptoms from the flu virus?
high temperature, sneezing, aches and pains
what do you call microorganisms that cause diseases?
what are communicable diseases?
diseases that can be passed from an infected person to other people
how are non-communicable diseases caused?
a problem in the body:
fault in the genes
our lifestyle - the way we live
give an example of a non-communicable disease
why might diseases be correlated?
having one disease means a person is MORE likely to have another disease
what are possible causes to diseases correlations?
damages to immune system - easier for other pathogens to cause disease
damges body's natural barriers/defences - pathogen enter body more easily
stops an organ system from working effectively - other diseases more likely to occur
how is periodontal disease caused?
caused by bacteria stuck in plaque between teeth
how can you prevent periodontal disease?
brush your teeth often