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Flashcards in health and disease Deck (19):
1

What does the World Health Organisation say what good health is?

"complete physical, social and mental well-being"

2

What does physical well-being include?

free from disease

eating and sleeping well

getting regular activity

limiting intake of harmful substances such as alcohol and drugs

3

What does social well-being include?

how well you get on with other people

how your surroundings affect you

4

What does mental well-being include?

how you feel about yourself

5

why are the 3 categories of well-being not separate?

improving one category can also improve others

6

what does a correlation between health and income show?

the smaller someone's income, the LESS likely they are to live for a long time

7

what could be the causes of this correlation?

poorer people cannot:
afford a healthy diet
access the same medical care as rich people

or

regions where there have been natural disasters or wars
therefore likely to be more disease and less doctors and hospitals

8

what is a disease?

a problem with a structure or process in the body that is not the result of an injury

9

why might you get a disease?

due to mircroorganisms gettin into the body and changing how it works

10

what are some symptoms from the flu virus?

high temperature, sneezing, aches and pains

11

what do you call microorganisms that cause diseases?

pathogens

12

what are communicable diseases?

diseases that can be passed from an infected person to other people

13

how are non-communicable diseases caused?

a problem in the body:

fault in the genes

our lifestyle - the way we live

14

give an example of a non-communicable disease

cystic fibrosis

15

why might diseases be correlated?

having one disease means a person is MORE likely to have another disease

16

what are possible causes to diseases correlations?

damages to immune system - easier for other pathogens to cause disease

or

damges body's natural barriers/defences - pathogen enter body more easily

or

stops an organ system from working effectively - other diseases more likely to occur

17

how is periodontal disease caused?

caused by bacteria stuck in plaque between teeth

18

how can you prevent periodontal disease?

brush your teeth often

19

what can periodontal disease also cause?

cardiovascular disease and bleeding gums