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Flashcards in Cartilage Deck (21)
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1

Name three types of cartilage

Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilage
Fibrocartilage

2

Which cells form cartilage?

Chondricytes

3

Where do chondrocytes come from?

Fibroblasts

4

Protein and their purpose in cartilage?

Collagen for strength
Elastin for elasticity

5

How does cartilage get nutrients? Why?

Simple diffusion
Because a vascular

6

Does cartilage feel pain?

No, cartilage does not have nerves

7

Purpose of hyaline cartilage?

Reduce friction and absorb shock

8

Purpose of elastic cartilage? (3)

Shape, elasticity, support

9

Purpose of fibrous cartilage? (3)

Shock absorption
Rigidity
Support

10

Hyaline cartilage found in? (3)

Larynx
Trachea
Articular joints

11

Elastic cartilage found in? (3)

Outer Ear
Epiglottis
Eustachian tube

12

Fibrous cartilage found in? (2)

Intervertebral disks
Pubic symphysis

13

What are ligaments? What kind of tissue?

Fibrous connective tissue connecting bones to each other

14

What are tendons and what tissue?

Connect bone to muscle
Fibrous connective tissue

15

What are joints?

Points where bones meet connected by ligaments

16

Three types of joints?

Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Synovial joints

17

What are synarthroses and where found?

Immovable joints
Skull

18

What are amphiarthroses and where are they found?

Slightly movable joints
E.g. spine

19

What are synovial joints? (1) Where found? (2)

Synovial fluid lubricated bone-bone connection
Ball and socket joint in the shoulder
Hinge joint in the elbow

20

What is articular cartilage?

Connective tissue at bone ends in joints

21

Three things about articular cartilage?

Degrades with too much shock and stress
Recovers slowly
Its inflammation is called arthritis