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1

When did Bamburg take place

1623-1632

2

where is Bamburg

Germany

3

How many people were executed

Around 900

4

What was Germany a part of (Hint: it is similar to the EU)

The Holy Roman Empire

5

What was the Holy Roman Empire

A patchwork of central European territories existed between 962-1806 under the authority of an emperor.

6

Were towns and villages free under the HRE to make their own decisions

They were given remarkable freedom
- as a result of this places were given the freedom
to make their own decisions on witchcraft

7

What was the counter-reformation

the Roman Catholic efforts directed in the 16th and early 17th centuries both against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal.

8

Consequences of the counter-reformation

Catholic troops in protestant villages, Protestants could face imprisonment in Bamburg tower

9

Who was Johann Gottfried Von Aschhausen

- prince bishop of Bamburg
-1610 ordinance which stated anyone practising witchcraft would be severely punished
- had 300 'witches' executed

10

What happened to the influence of the HRE during the thirty-year war

It declined as the behaviours of some of the emperors began to cause resentment.

11

What side did Bamburg fight on in the thirty-year war

Catholic

12

Why did the Thirty years war begin

Religious divisions founded in northern Europe

13

Economic consequences of the thirty years war in Bamburg

- Presence of large armies devastated Bamburg
-famine and a lot of men conscripted
- crop failure and inflation

14

impact of the thirty years war on witch craze in Bamburg

-Catholics in Bamberg became more fanatical than ever anyone who deviated from Orthodox Catholic practices was labeled a heretic and suspicion was laid upon the Devil.

15

Which people were targeted in the Bamburg witch hunts

- sexually promiscuous women
- political and religious attitudes towards the war that deviated from those of catholic authority
- people with a reputation for fortune-telling, healing, etc.
- Members of the upper class (Von Dornheim gained the right to seize witches property)

16

When was the little ice age

Early 17th century

17

What was the debt caused by the war

800,000 florins

18

What did they believe caused the little ice age?

witches

19

What was the Carolina law code

- made witchcraft a severe crime
- witches should be executed using fire
-enabled torture in Bamburg

20

What did the Carolina Law code state that Bamburg did not do

- stated accused should be allowed, lawyers
-trials should be done in public
- confessions should be backed up with evidence

21

What percentage of women were accused during the trials

72.7%

22

What was the average age of the accused

33.5

23

Were Jesuits accepting of protestants

No, they were fiercely anti protestant

24

What did Von Achhausen found

Catholic schools

25

What began the Thirty Years War

The defenestration of a catholic representative of the emperor in Prague

26

Two examples of witches that have been accused due to crop failure and bad weather

-Lorentz Kempffen Seebauer's wife
- Katharina Merckhlerin

27

What was the gold value of the florin lowered too as a result of the economic crisis facing Bamburg

79% to 77%

28

Which significant figure in society was accused of witchcraft

Mayor of Bamburg John Junius

29

How many older women were sent to be executed in Ziel

seven

30

What was put in place in 1555

Peace of Augsburg - countries were allowed to pick which religion they wanted to support

31

What did people think of officials who did not persecute witches

That they themselves were essentially witches

32

What was hereditary guilt

People in the same family would often all be arrested for an accusation of witchcraft if even one of them was accused.

33

What was the name of Von Dornheims creation and what was it used for

The drudenhhaus. It was used to torture and incite a confession from witches

34

Who were both Von Ashhausen and Von Dornheim influenced by

Friedrich Forner

35

Who was Frederik Forner

Friedrich Forner was the vicar/ bishop in Bamburg and was a relentless witch hunter and "soul of the counter-reformation"

36

What was a popuar torture method in Bamburg

Thumbscrews