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Geography Paper 1 - Development Dynamics > Case Study - India > Flashcards

Flashcards in Case Study - India Deck (74):
1

What does emerging country mean?

A country with high - medium human development and recent economic growth

2

What is the population of India?

1.3 billion

3

Give three reasons why India is an emerging country

1) economy has grown by 7% per year since 1997
2) it is predicted to have the world’s largest economy by 2050
3) its location in Southeast Asia means it has a natural geographic barrier to the North, leading to economic growth
4)the population is largely English speaking

4

What are India’s bordering countries?

Bangladesh
Bhutan
China
Myanmar (BBC NMP)
Nepal
Pakistan

5

What countries make up the South East Asian Tigers?

India, Thailand, Philippians and Indonesia

6

How long is India’s coastline?

7500 km

7

What is the land area of India?

3.3 million km squared

8

When did India gain dependence from Britain?

1947

9

Give 2 political facts about India’s significance

1) it is the world’s largest democracy
2) it was one of the founding members of the United Nations

10

Give 2 social facts about India’s significance

1) has the world’s second largest population and by 2020 will probably overtake China
2) has the world’s 4th and 5th largest cities: Mumbai and Kolka

11

How many people do India’s urban slums house and how much is that in relation to the urban population?

40 million people, a quarter of the urban population

12

India’s urban slums are not the worst in the world. True or False?

False, India has the worst urban slums in the world

13

Give 2 cultural facts about India’s significance

1) Hindu civilisation traced back over 5000 years
2) it’s population is diverse. In 2011, 78% of the population were Hindu, 15% Muslims, 2.5% Christians and 2% Sikh

14

India has the largest film industry in the world known as Bollywood. True or false?

True

15

What is the FDI?

Foreign Direct Investment - any money or investment that comes from overseas companies. In India, this is TNC’s (transnational companies) investing in IT call Centers

16

What was India’s import and export value in 1991 in comparison to 2014?

1991 export value of 17 billion USD and import value of 24 billion USD

2014 export value of 342 billion USD and import value of 508 billion USD

17

What were India’s main exports in 1991?

tea, coffee, iron ore and fish products

18

What were India’s main exports in 2014?

Petroleum products, gems, jewellery, machinery, steel, chemicals and clothing

19

What were India’s main imports in 1991?

Petroleum products, textiles, machinery and clothing

20

What were India’s main imports in 2014?

Crude oil, gems, jewellery, machinery, steel, chemicals, vehicles and clothing

21

Give three reasons India changed

1) containerisation-by transporting goods to developed countries on ships in containers

2) aircraft technology- imports from India by air a 70 times more valuable

3)economic liberalisation-consumers and individual companies decide where goods can be made most cheaply

22

What percentage of India’s goods are traded through shipping?

90%

23

Where does India export to the most?

USA

24

What does globalisation mean?

The world becoming more connected through sharing cultures, trading, working and living abroad, communicating/ accessing information from around the world and travelling

25

Give an example of interdependence between countries

The European Union

26

Give an example of outsourcing

BT call Centers in India

27

How is the Indian government trying to improve education?

By increasing the literacy rate from 64% in 2001 to 74% in 2011

28

How is tourism in India growing?

It accounted for 6.8% of India’s GDP

29

What is the definition of outsourcing?

When a company moves some of its services overseas

30

Give some positive points of call Centers in India

-Young graduates can send money home to their families as they earn £5000 a year
-People in India are more hardworking
-24/7 customer service for a fraction of the price

31

Give some negative points about call Centers in India

-most employees have to work 6 days a week
-customer service is new to Indian culture
-employees have to change their name to an American one (loss of identity)

32

How many people in urban areas are over 80?

2.5 million

33

What is a push factor?

Characteristics of a place that make you want to leave

34

What is a pull factor?

Characteristics of a place which make you want to move there

35

Name some push factors of rural India

-there is very little education available
-rural houses are wooden buildings with no running water sewage system and unreliable electricity
-the cast system is still present

36

Name some pull factors of urban areas in India

-wages are higher
-women can be educated
-there is clean water and hospitals

37

Describe a population pyramid in 1980 India

Very few live over 80 and most of the population is children

38

Describe a population pyramid in 2018 India

Birth rate is falling due to contraception and people are living longer

39

Describe a population pyramid in 2040 India

Most of the population is aged around 45-49 and birth rate still decreased as more people want jobs rather than childeren

40

What is the GDP per capita in Maharashtra?

104,000 rupees

41

What is the GDP per capita in Bihar?

27, 000 rupees

42

What is the overall literacy rate in Maharashtra compared to Bihar?

82.34% compared to 47%

43

Female literacy rate in Maharashtra compared to Bihar?

67.5% compared to 33%

44

What percentage of Bihar’s population work in low skilled jobs

80%

45

What % of the population of Bihar is rural?

86%

46

What fraction of households earn less than how much a day?

1/2, 80p per day

47

What percentage of the population in Bihar has electricity?

59%

48

What fraction of children complete primary school in Bihar?

1/3

49

What percentage of children in Bihar reach years 12 and 13?

2%

50

What is the mean GDP per capita in India?

The mean GDP per capita of India is 1627 USD

51

Economic growth and the environment

How much does air pollution reduce life expectancy in cities for how many people in India?

Reduces life expectancy by 3.2 years for the 60 million Indians that live in cities

52

Economic growth and the environment

How many of the world’s top 20 polluted cities are in India

13

53

Economic growth and the environment

How many micro grams of pollution per cubic meter does Delhi have?

153 micro grams

54

Economic growth and the environment

What number of polluted rivers rose between what years?

121-275 rivers between 2010 to 2015

55

What fraction of sewage in urban areas is actually treated? Where does the rest go?

1/3, the rest flows into rivers

56

Economic growth and the environment

What are the three forms of water pollution and which is the main one?

Sewage, industrial waste and agricultural run off but sewage is the main cause of water pollution

57

Economic growth and the environment

Between what years did India loose how many hectares of forest area?

(1951 -1976), 4.1 million hectares

58

Economic growth and the environment

How many hectares of forest is India loosing per year?

1.5 million hectares

59

Economic growth and the environment

What % of Indian land is facing what. What does this affect?

32% of Indian land is facing degradation that has an effect on its productivity

60

Economic growth and the environment

What fraction of India’s lakes and wetlands disappeared between what years?

1/2 between 1911-2014

61

Economic growth and the environment

What is India the third largest emitter of in the world?

Carbon dioxide

62

How many tonnes of carbon dioxide does India produce?

5164 million tonnes

63

Economic growth and the environment

Why would it be hard for India to reduce its co2 emissions?

Because 400 million people still don’t have access to electricity

64

Economic growth and the environment

When did India face its driest monsoon since 2009?

2015

65

Economic growth and the environment

Over what % of Indian farming relies on monsoon rain?

60%

66

Economic growth and the environment

How much is the farming sector in India worth?

370 billion USD

67

What was the unemployment rate in 1991 and what was it in 2014

20% and dropped to 8.6%

68

How many were living in poverty in 1991 and what did it become in 2014?

36% and decreased to 30%

69

What was the GDP PPP in 1991 and what did it increase to in 2014?

1.2 trillion USD to 7.3 trillion USD

70

What was the access to finance percentage in 2011 and 2014?

26%-46% for woman and 44%-62% in males

71

What is the GDP of Goa (the highest ranking state) in comparison to Bihar (the lowest ranking state)?

Goa has a GDP per capita of 3276 USD (above the mean) but Bihar has a GDP per capita of 945 USD

72

How has the birth rate changed since the family planning program was introduced in 1952

Birth rates have fallen from 45 per 1000 in 1951-1961 to 21 per 1000 today

72

How has urbanisation in India changed in comparison to the world?

Between 2000-2015, urbanisation went from 30.9% to 32.7% but the world went from 50.6% to 54%

72

How has the female literacy rate improved?

Between 2001-2011 female literacy rate has improved from 53.77% to 61.5 % (greater rate of increase than males)