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Surgery Lab Quiz > Castration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Castration Deck (24):
1

What is the name for sx removal of one or both testicles?

Orchiectomy

2

T/F: The term neuter can be applied to describe any sterilization procedure

TRUE

3

What are some diseases that are prevented through castration?

Cryptorchidism
Neoplasia
Testicular torsion
Testicular abscess
Scrotal urethrostomy
Prostatic diseases
Perianal hernia

4

What is the most common sx approach for castration procedure?

Pre-scrotal (least vascular and least painful)

5

T/F: It is okay to shave the scrotum

FALSE

6

WHat is the distance of draping from the midline?

2-3 cm from midline

7

What are all the sx approaches for castration procedure?

Pre-scrotal
Scrotal
Perineal
Inguinal or abdominal
Sx ablation

8

T/F: With a scrotal sx approach, the scrotum is not removed.

TRUE- only incised

9

What is the sx approach for a cryptorchid patient?

Inguinal or abdominal

10

What are the differences between closed and open castration?

Closed: doesn't penetrate PVT, increases risk of non-secure ligature, decrease risk of scrotal hematoma, decrease post-op swelling and quicker
Open: penetrates PVT, decrease risk of ligature slipping, decrease risk of abdominal hemorrhage, longer

11

How far should the proximal clamp be placed from the body wall?

1-2 cm

12

What suture should be used for ligation?

2-0 monofilament absorbable

13

What suture should be used for the closure?

3-0 monofilament absorbable

14

T/F: You shouldn't strip the spermatic fascia in an open castration

TRUE

15

What are four common complications of a castration procedure?

Scrotal hematoma
Infection
Hemorrhage
Swelling/bruising

16

What is anorchism?

Absence of both testicles

17

What is monorchism?

Absence of one testicle

18

What is cryptorchism?

One or both testicles not descended into scrotum- developmental problem of gubernaculum

19

When do most testicles descend?

30-40 days- considered cryptorchid if not descended by 6 months

20

What are the three location classifications of a cryptorichidism?

Abdominal, inguinal or pre-scrotal

21

What type of cryptorchidism is more common in dogs?

Unilateral- small dogs prone to this
HERITABLE- DON'T BREED

22

What are functional characteristics of a cryptorchid testicle?

Sterile because the warm environment destroys sperm
Suppresses spermatogenesis in normal testicle
Predisposed to neoplasia
Predisposed to torsion

23

What are other abnormalities that are seen in dogs vs. cats with cryptorchidism?

Dogs: hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, penile or preputial defects, umbilical hernia
Felines: patellar luxation, short/kinked tail, tarsal deformities, eyelid agenesis

24

What are some complications of feline castration?

Funiculitis
Scrotal hematoma
scrotal abscess
priapism