Bandages, Splints, and Casts Flashcards Preview

Surgery Lab Quiz > Bandages, Splints, and Casts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bandages, Splints, and Casts Deck (32):
1

What are the functions of bandages?

Promote healing
protect wounds
absorption
eliminate dead space
apply or relieve pressure
modulate pain
stabilize

2

Describe the primary layer

Directly in contact with the wound
Should be sterile

3

What are the functions of the secondary layer of bandage?

Absorbs and holds drainage from wound
Provide support or immobilization
Decrease dead space
Reduce edema
Control hemorrhage
Holds primary dressing in place

4

What are some materials used for the secondary dressing?

Rolled cotton
Cast padding
Gauze pads
Rolled gauze

5

What should be left exposed when applying the secondary bandage layer?

Leave 3-4 digits exposed

6

What direction should secondary bandages be applied?

Distal to proximal

7

What is the function of the tertiary layer?

Protection

8

What are the materials used for the tertiary layer?

Elasticon
Vet wrap

9

What are some methods of anchoring the bandage?

Stirrups
Tape overlay
Torso strap
Tie over bandage
Patch bandage
Fur incorporation

10

Describe the stirrup bandage

Used to anchor limb bandages
2 strips of adhesive tape on healthy skin

11

Describe the tape overlay bandage

Used for torso and abdominal bandages
Wide circumferential strip

12

Describe the torso strap bandage

figure 8 bandage material around forelimbs

13

Describe the tie over bandage

used in areas where circumferential bandage is difficult
tie loose interrupted sutures around periphery
Cover w/ dressing
umbilical tape holds in place

14

Describe a patch bandage

Used to protect incision lines post-op
Areas that cannot place circumferential bandage

15

Describe a fur incorporation bandage

Used for tail bandages
Incorporate fur on the last taped layer

16

What are some things to look for on a patient with a bandage?

Pain/discomfort
Swollen/cold digits
Foul odor
Drainage/discharge
Mutilation
Fever

17

T/F: Modified robert-jones bandage provides little support and compression

TRUE

18

What is the difference of the modified robert-jones and the reinforced modified robert-jones?

Reinforced uses aluminum rods or plastic splints

19

What splint provides temporary support for fractures or luxations proximal to or including the elbow or stifle?

Spica splint

20

T/F: Sica splint provides immobilization of upper extremities

TRUE

21

What sling creates a non-weight bearing forelimb and is commonly used for immobilization after reduction of shoulder luxation?

Valpeau Sling

22

What position are the carpus and elbow in with a valpeau sling?

Moderate flexion

23

What sling creates a non-weight bearing hind limb and provides femoral abduction?

Ehmers sling

24

When is an Ehmers sling indicated?

After reduction of cranial dorsal hip luxation

25

Where should tape be placed for an Ehmers sling to minimize sliding?

Proximal to the hock

26

What is the name of the pelvic limb sling?

Robinson sling

27

When is a robinson sling indicated?

Tibial or femoral fracture repair
Post-op coxofemoral or stifle surgery

28

WHat is the anchor for the Robinson sling?

2-4 inch belly band

29

When is a full leg cast contraindicated?

Wounds
Significant inflammation
Femur/humerus

30

What is the max amount of layers that can be used for cast padding?

2 layers

31

What type of cast allows reuse of casting material and is indicated when there is anticipation of frequent cast changes?

Bivalved cast

32

What type of cast is used for fractures at or below the carpus?

Metacarpal/metatarsal splints